sustainability world's most exciting puzzle - welcome to

questions/improvements to #LearningGeneration Economy - RSVP washington DC text/mobile 240 316 8157  - mooc ValuingYouth   Coding


MA W6 Scaling big data analysis for SME and community sustainability

0 #learninggeneration

what if economic growth depends on humans?

.. LINKIN the greatest learning generation

online library of norman macrae--.

1 china

aliresearch portal : 7 wonders Jack Ma ....

3 Japan

.global youth education stories 


supporters - governor of tokyo

Help #learninggeneration review greatest lessons of youth's futire society and business from Jack Ma


2014 Speaking at an event organized by Indian trade body FICCI, Alibaba founder Jack Ma said he is hopeful of more business ties ... 

lessons India and China can win-win through small enetrprises getting free market access on e-commecrce platform - already 400000 chinese customes buy from indian suppliers on ali baba platforms - india buinesses are sceond most productive on our platfrom to china - i commit to building youth enetrpreneur and technology relatinships with india 


  1. Jack Ma's Advice to The Young

    • 1 year ago
    Jack Ma answers a question from an audience member in Korea: What would you do if you are 25 years old again. 


Number 1 job creating entrepreneur designs platform of world social trade

Celebrating POP of young professional transformation

Facilitating intergen spaces of innovative human technology and deep community empowerment

Grounding humanity’s dna over 40 year birth of the worldwideweb

Joy of storytelling impossible becomes possible

Place leadership’s number 1 partnerships connector of sustainability’s jobs

Valuing quarter of a millennium’s trust exponentials of microeconomic futures next generations need

Hubbing technology so  that youthful coders 4 sustainability serves human beings and leapfrog infrastructures


Empowering youth to pioneer 21st C education and peer to peer missing curricula


Jack Ma

Jim Kim

Harrison Owen

Tim Berners Lee @ MIT

Muhammad Yunus

Xi Jinping

George Soros



Taddy Blecher




English and Chinese – Freeing Global Youth’s 2 most valuable languages of Future’s History


Coders4sustainability number 1 partnership open university – AliBabaUNI

Transforming the systems rules


Conversations deep into every community’s humanity – understanding the conflicts that need to be navigated in emerging borderless worl of spending 4000 times more on communications technology 2030 versus 1946

Anchoring the final 15 years (2015 to 2030) of social movements of the greatest learning generation

Educating the educators- the stories needed so that little sisters overcame big brothers just in time to validate how peaceful societies generate strong economies not vice versa

Commons Rights Any Chen Qian Podacster 7 wonders of jack ma -dearft september 2016

7 wonders of Jack Ma and China’s Special Gifts to Global Youth Empower


Wonder 1 (age 10 1976) Education opportunity to learn English & Chinese – valuing how global youth build friendships and trust around world

Wonder 2 (age 28 1994) on first trip abroad (USA), Ma sees web and asks the most exciting question- how can the www develop people and jobs. (Compare Ma’s journey with www in chunese speaking world to Berners Lee’s birth of www 5 years earliuer in English speaking world)

Wonder 3 what happens in a country with a leader like Ma who starts turning every shopping channel and digital financial services into a market that gives small enterprises and villagers equal opportunity to build lives and communities

Taobao, the mall, alipay, ant financial

Wonder 4 – CCC: Conscious Chinese Capitalism -  back in 1976 all businesses were state owned. How many entrepreneurs in China are like Ma – celebrating a conscious purpose to develop people. Is this Chinese Capitalism an opportunity for global youth to linkin around the world. See which biggest business leaders are inspired to jon ma at the twice-a-year China Entrepreneur Club

Ma Wonder 5 – what if Hangzhou has become the number 1 collaboration capital of job creating entrepreneurs: in 2016 Ma’s home town Hangzhou (China G20 celebration)  becomes the world’s epicentre for firsttime in 1000 years.  Leader Xi JInping invites nations and youth to brainstorm ideas actioning sustainability goals including Ma’s social wotrld trade platform eWTP


Wonder 6 – how to improve globalisation (big data analysed bottom up) in 2016, celebrating Jack Ma’s appointment to UN as special adviser on youth entrepreneurship , Jim Kim asks what if the ali baba way – analysing big data on behalf of small enterprises – is the secret sauce to ending poverty

ALIBABAUNI 7– Jack Ma starts developing training partnerships around the world in training courses integrating coding as the third literacy (with English and Chinese) freeing global youth as #LearningGeneration. Which places will be the first to love their youth enough to trust in partnering 7 wonders of sustainability and human growth worldwide? The Uni partnerships worldwide may also be Ma’s ideal open space for the two foci he aims to priortise time on – young adult entrepreneurs and environment

linkin jack ma wonder 7 :a worldwide open uni of coders of #learninggeneration -please help search partners alibabauni:

columbia uni imperative fund@ engineering school; NYU engineering partnership with shanghai and abu dhabi; MIT various including coders of world's largest cashless banks bkash and mpesa; uk cranfield? Imperial? (prince charles and royal society connections) : amma uni on naontechnology; brac uni bangladesh; kenya's coding school moringa

help list friends of Ma #7 - eg Kim






Favorite video on social business - text usa 240 316 8157's the real scoop about the terribly misunderstood microcredit models

there are bigger case study scoops and movements rising from china and ali baba univesrity model

would love to include whatever is s.americas imperative fubd scoop model or others eg that johns friends like beck, marinez (all of MIT) and mackey may be tuning




Whats your social model and whats your business model


Whom do you trust more the person whose first question is social and second is business or vice versa.


If you lead with what is the social model – I assume you are asking how do we ensure positive cash flow around a solution that multiplies so much good for human beings that everyone is proud to partner it – whether its workers with their lifetimes or investors with their resources or customers with their loyalty or the next great relevant coder/innovator,  or those countries or societies who have done most to celebrate the conscious  purpose of empowering society and the way above zero sum social world trade economy that human sustainability depends on


However having positive cashflow every quarter isn’t enough if you are in market undergoing local to global technology revolutions. Very few of the pre-digital age microfinances that were most trusted in the 20th c have survived the last 20 years of mobile connectivity. There will be times when you need to call on huge scaling up investments so a sustainable social business model either needs to save from the good times, or make more than just positive cashflows or it needs to have built relationships with the most trusted and transparent of long term sustainability investors.



The biggest lesson from Muhammad Yunus is his 100% social business model failed to do that. If he had been prepared to design models between 51% to 100% social business depending how big that sectors networking changes were going to be, he would have been global youth’s number 1 partner in ending poverty and celebrating sustainability goals. Fortunately the network that actually did most since 1972 to empower village mothers to develop Bangladesh BRAC has done exactly what Muhammad Yunus didnt quite manage to achieve.


Sir Fazle Abed whose BRAC designed BKASH (the number 1 cashless banking system in a major developing world nation) has asked China's most trusted young female reporters to develop newsletter explaining how china's social modelers have leapfrogged beyond his life's work -coming soon......

Extract from EconomistYouth Diary of action networking September 2016

 are you able to be in new york 18 september when many of us will meet up and celebrate UN future of education -30 worldwide leaders with national impacts including jack ma on the wackiest future partnerships in education the UN will likely ever see 

ban-ki moon has promised to take this movements next steps up up as one of his last commitments before a (female?) leader of UN takes over - pity we cant find an under 30 leader to co-share that office but there we go -with luck the UAE education commissioner will explain how such youth ministry empowers

 NY 18 Sept is a very expensive weekend to find accommodation in new york being height of UN year (with eg clinton global and all that stuff)

YouthinDevelopment's Jim Kim will be there pitching education's future too- his previous co-creation over 25 years with paul farmer partners in health  in boston remains the network mit people seem amazingly underconnected with - as for tufts - nicholas are you still connecting there -arguably nicholas wrote the first case study book popularising leapfroging? Charlie do you still linkin through Boston? 

jargon-leapfroging- ie how mobile coders end poverty with new infrastructure (nicholas hear me now storybook - 99% of bangladeshis never had a fixed line phone - so mobile was hundred times more valuable as development tool for their race to end poverty back going digital from 1996 with partnership circle of mit-legatum, soros, norway, yunus etc - 

the most suprising leapfrog story of all?-  china's jack ma -how the world's most passionate english teacher spent his last 20 years developing an even bigger entrepreneurial revolution with 15 of chinas big business partners, and with this year's additions ali baba uni parrtners and fiurst 1000 global philanthropist summit shanghai july 2016 

Next MIT Leaders Quest


Next leaders quest - principal coordinator JK

Like JK, Jose and Chuck are heavily into MIT alumni associations and how coding/cloud mobile can change the world; amy and stephanie are youth who have been trying to understand eg does UN ever use any of leapfroging solutions MIT develops; last time amy was in boston fady showed her round- for many years he led boston ecosystems main events calandar in his spare time whike working on robotics or something; we were both judges during accelerate segment of MIT100k (in 2012 i think)

in the 1980s i spent a decade working for world's first market modelling database compoany founded by the mit professor glen urban - please say hi to him if you ever passing by (though he may not recall me, his work was once the epicentre of everything i belived about how to analyse innovation) 



thanks chris macrae   wash dc 240 316 8157 



Sustainability world's most exciting puzzle


Imagine a new better curriculum for developing 100+ million person nation's race to end poverty is innovated by

the world's poorest women since 1972 -testimony 2008


Now in 2015 the enterpreneurs who empowered women's greatest ever social and economic networks

are leading the funding chase to get 1 billion dollars to accelerate the next stage of education for worlds poorest girls


but they don't know it is now possible for a satellite to beam down any curriculum to serve every class of students and teachers all across the nation 

so the chance to link livelihoods and millennials sustainability goals through schools of poorest girls will be lost 



tell us your lifetime's  most exciting puzzle  ---   washingtion dc 240 316 8157 

see laso chapter 3 from world record book of jobs  -special thanks to DC partbners AfricanDiaspora and july 2015 world creative children olympiads


Why did the millennium goal world fail to back these 10 most impactful social business concepts of Muhammad Yunus. After feedback from sampling 2000 youth with Yunus Book we have some global village views.

Correspondence welcome Norman Macrae Foundation Youth Capitalism washington Dc 1 301 881 1655 





 Our History could yet invite the most valuable open youth brand architecture in the world if and only if it twins capital cities where leaders and youth co-create millions of jobs and charter how to race to millennium goals such as that proposed in 1984 as ending poverty by Norman macrae which Bangladesh in its first 42 years has innovated more open sourced  more grassroots networking microfranchises than any where else on the planet . The developing world has many million jobs creating cities but Dhaka was unique as a capital where investments of the poorest created most of these jobs. Atlanta is committing to a 2 year collaboration exercise with youth to linkin million job creation -the yunus network concerned with this is the 501 Foundation Yunus Creative Lab. This is nothing to do with the only other social business to officially represent the Yunus name. We look forward to open reporting of this journey by every Capital where youth wish to linkin to job creation and millennium goal collaboration races


Help us survey Top 20 youth collaboration app networks that need to be celebrated at Atlanta Nov 2015 rsvp to help edit one of our YY candidates or vote for a new one


YY20 Encourage capitals youth to trade with china - end dollar as reserve currency (see book leaderless economy)' YY19 Cashless banking and other ways of banking round currencies that sustain communities;  YY18 Bangla and Global Banks with values triple banking curriculum: rural microcredit, sustainability city capital., cashless; YY17 Free university for community entrepreneurs, open technologists and vocational jobs with khan academy type labs connecting youth and expert peer to peer training eg YY16 nursing, YY15 green energy, food and water and zero waste security, YY14 Pope's public service curriculum, YY13 change world summit solution collab franchises, YY12 financial literacy; YY11 coding YY10 map open source ; YY10 student entrepreneur competition ; YY9 womens empowerment jobs networks;   YY8 Crowdfunding and reality tv program to celebrate search for 30000 microfranchises as well as open debates of what purpose market sector sustains jobs; YY7 youth patient capital funds; YY6 End to end diaspora models; YY5 orphanage networks as job creating community centres- africa's best microcredit; YY4 disaster relief coab netwirks learning across incidents and risk factors; YY3 Superstars give back to job creating for not quite stars in community; YY2 change profesisons ti multi-win ecponetial models of goodwill YY1 coming soon

Under certain circumstances the 100% Social Business model is optimal for sustaining future purposes of charities, foundation, aid - and potentially citizen contracting to serve communities from tax funds that would otherwise be administered top-down . In the 100% model there are no dividends, no equity appreciation by investors (unless they are the poorest) but retainership of the reputational gain and if a sustainable business model is found retiun of original investment capital This is the only model officially endorse by Muhammad Yunus


In the 51% Social Business model the only change is that up to 49% of the equity (I approximately one doubling of wortjh) may be retained by investors or founders Some digital wizards might find that they can innovate eg more social media by giving away 51% of the equity to be linked into a millennium goal. The 49% can then ensure they have enough capital to buy up talent or partnering digital corporations instead of being underfunded in ever bigger media  or technology battles that may be involved

Next Capitalism- out of the Economist in December 1976 my father Norman macrae launched the quest for next Capitalism- one that 20th century largest organizational systems would be elast competent to compete wherever botto-up and collaborative value neeed to be expoenetially sustained. We love to disuss both social business models and any models that mediate the most pursposeful a sector can be in the future of worldwide youth job creation and planetwide sustainability



Yunus Social Business 100% model aims to compound the most purposeful inter-generational models.

good for -value chain transforming aid, foundations that want to sustain unique goal of their charity, real priviatisation (ie community service takes back tax and nationalised industries

world class cases - the origin grameen bank in bangaldesh, the original grameen energy in bangldesh, potentially the free nursing college - which sees nurses as 21st C most trusted vilage informatuon networker as well as basic health services providers

hospital pass for family and community-cooperative investments and transforming pursposeful brands in crowded media markets and in winning long-run battles of hi-tech markets
for more models see attached


Why Everyone in Full Employment Countries Needs to Understand Social Business


2 Questions Worth Searching 2010s Media

How do we help peoples in all places collaboratively link into celebrations of youth & yunus social business competitions 

Which 100 leaders most believe in designing market purposes around mission of 2010s = youth most productive decade 

2 Kinds of Economists -according to Keynes:


Those that destroy future of jobs and those that build futures of jobs out of every community


Those that destroy the purpose most people particular markets to serve, those who celebrate innovating the purpose that most people want


Those that extract today from our children's and earth's future possibilities, those who map how to sustainably invest in tomorrow's rising exponentials of hi-trust value multiplying exchanges 




Out of the basket

Bangladesh: Out of the basket Nov 2012, 12:46 from Feast and famine Bangladesh ... Lessons from Bangladesh ... intriguing puzzles in development: Bangladesh ...(20 comments)

E ON B 2010




 E NEAR B 1860

-James Wilson , founder and editor of the end hunger global viewspaper, dies in calcutta 9 months into queen victoria's project - reform raj banking in india. Oral rehydration, the cure for James' terminal illness. was found in 1970s to cost 5 cents.It launched Bangladesh's -and the worldwide's - greatest youth investment banks Grameen and BRAC -and helped youth map the most productve purpose of all life critical markets : health, energy, nutrition, edu in a net generation world, media valuing job-creating youth's greatest heroes, safety and ending violence in every community. banking, professional hippocratic oaths and transparency of multi-win investment models



 Lessons from First 150 Years of The Economist @ Bangladesh

My father Norman Macrae (aka The Economist's Unacknowledged Giant) was probably the last major journalist to be mentored by Keynes. He developed a cluster of pro-youth economic terms over half a century at The Economist and in his 1980s surveys of how the net generation needed to co-create 3 billion jobs that had never been seen  before including : Entrepreneurial Revolution (coined 68, celebrated eg by romano prodi 76 and bill drayton 78 and another 100 leaders of job creating entreprenurship)Bottom-Up Economics, Gross World Product (requiring in a borderless world a very different maths and professional valuation from adding up Gross Nationals Products). When he met Bangladeshis leading pro-youth economists in his last few years he was as overjoyed as when he met Japanese economists in the early 1960s. In his lifetime only the Japanese valued pro-youth economics sufficiently to nominate Norman for the Nobel Prize of Economics.


Social Business modeling merits being Bangaldesh's major world trade in a knowledge betworking 21st century. It is also future history's key to the door to all father's future surveys that started in 1970s and foresaw Asian Pacific Worldwide Century.



In 2010s, we live in a time -that keynes alumni dreamed of as a 2 million global village networked economy -  when any nation can be designed to collaborate in empowering all youth to be at least 10 times more productive than ever before because of the millions time more collaboration technology available to the net generation. But as the 20th C leading mathematicians (Von Neumann, Einstein) had warned only if all peoples simultaneously learn to design multi-win models instead of zero-sum exchanges. New educational technologies and new forms of energy are the only areas in human history that empower such advances of the human lot but the good news is that unlike ever before the human race can now help youth lead abundant innovations in these areas if only we invest in such hi-trust collaboration (open systems) entrepreneurship.


And this all unprecedneted social opportunity starts with whether we are going to free children in our schools (eg see new zealad's first 30 years of collaboration round to innovate the most exciting future purposes that any skill they study could serve as we map what new millennium goals our human ace values most. Do you want a world where a child can be born anywhere and have a fair chance of growing up health and productive. That's the world's my dad's ;life work mapped- and which places empowering youth social business competitions now celebrate.


Index to 100 Leaders of 2010s=Youth's Most Productive Decade by purpose and place - coming soon or take a peek at

Index to student social competition projects being invested in by purpose and innovation hubs. Coming soon or take a peek at youth's inbox at Journal of Social Business

CALLING EXTREME INNOVATORS- HELP WANTED ON MISSION IMPOSSIBLE PPROJECTS OF STUDENT YEAR 2012/2013 - 1) Turn Washingtin DC into Capital celebrating youth social business competition linls worldwide ; 2 search for 100 leaders of 2010s = youths most [productive decade;  3 redesign purpose of economics, media and education to value job creating futures for all our childrens' children; 4 map and simultaneously blog where (else than Bangaldesh) youth's 10000 greatest job creators will linkin from JA SCOT GA DC OR NC MA PA .... 5) vote for global social business should youtube next 6) log up inspirational sightings at 

Norman Macrae Foundation www.worldclassbrands.tv5801 Nicholson Lane    Suite 404     N.Bethesda     MD 20852Tel  301 881 1655     email linkin9500 skype chrismacraedc



My journalist friends have been studying job creating ideas/leaders for net generation since 1972 when dad started the genre of Entrepreneurial Revolution in The Economist. We think we know who owns the main webs and journals of social business - but tell you the truth we dont know what to do with them. We had wanted an open portal where business models could be catalogued by youth in terms of trusting their job creation race towards 3 billion new jobs dad first catalogued in 1984. However we havent succeeded in getting opinion leaders of job creating movements to agree to swarm to one space let alone how the ownership of that can be openly designed so that youth investment banking can renew  21st C economics to make the net generation 10 times more productive and sustainable to be a youthful global villager  (1 2 3 4) than ever before

if you have ideas i am always ready to list
washington dc hotline 1 301 881 1655  Face ,, 

For two thirds of a century, alumni of The Economist's Unacknowledged Giant have chartered the most purposeful organisations and entrepreneurs - those resolving life cfritical and shaping needs.  We are redesigning this web around 3 main most distonctive models generating extraordinary human progress.

Pure Social Business

This is the model (fully owned by the poor or in trust for the poor) pioneered in Bangladesh since 1976  It brings sustainability where charity alone cannot. It requires the most heroic and selfless types of leadership we have ever encountered. Ir demonstrates how uneconomic western banking models of getting people in debt are when banks could be issuing credit to invest in people's prodyctivity. 

51%+ Social Business 

This model gives away one doubling of a founders equity at the early stages. This is done to anchor the organsiation's heroic purpose, and may in itself compound far more extraordinary wealth over the years than being chained by a majority of owners with no specific purpose. In knowledge markets with plenty of value multiplied in use (unlike the way scarcity comes into consuming up things)

Hi- Trust Business Purpose 

In some regions of the world, we meet people who say trust us- its hard enough (with eg speculative competitors or uneven laws) to building the region's most purposeful sector leader served by and our region's peoples.  Also included here are organisations that inspire us but whose ownership details are not fully known by us.

 Ending underemployment: SB owned microcredit banks - Grameen; BRAC. Many of its fastest growing replications are now in Africa - see eg Jamii Bora (Kenya), MicrloanFoundation (Malawi) as well as example of extraordinary corporate responsibility wholeplanetfoundation. Arguably the greatest innovation of our era- microcredit networks bring income generation to over 100 million mothers in developing nations and ensuring their children break generations of illiteracy and ill health. Ask for list of true microcredits  -warning many falsely governed microfinances exist and spin vicious impacts. Digital cash: MPESA  bkash  


 The Specialists: aiming to  fully employ 1 million people with Autism
 Youth 1000 Job creation brainstorming  MIT as models of world's number 1 job creating university and alumni network
 Health- ending unecessary blindness: Aravind  End Nurseless Villages  


  Health: Ending unnecessary obesity (Mexico); Africa's number 1 pharma manafacturer for and by Africans; Nigeria's flying doctor
Clean Energy : installing 1 million solar energy units by end 2011 with installation doubling annualy  Gifts: roses generate 50000 jobs in ethiopia
 Youth portals every future capital needs to thrive: celebrating all of a country's social businessinvestment -danone communities; artists peace corps  

 FALL 2011 Compound Context: 1 quarter left to prevent quintuple dip recession through 2010s first announced as net generation's main challenge of microeconomics and entrepreneurial action networks in The Economist 40 years ago 

 Youth unemployment the most dangerous force in the world In the European Union, financial woes have driven youth unemployment to over 20 per cent. Spain's youth unemployment rate is twice that averageTroy Media Corporation - 42 minutes ago friday 16 sept 2011 at 8am wash dc time- this weekend norman macrae foundation ,dedicated to identifying 100 leaders who most support youth productivity in 2010s, sponsors India-Bangladesh dialogue of world leading education entrepreneurs


rsvp to vote for the worldwide's number 1 application of social business

- here's why a main contender is employment (or income generating) agencies owned by youth and the most underemployed

 looking east ,as part of researching yunus 5000 youth ambassador project and his 69th birthday wish dialogue dhaka june 2009, we discovered that both brac and grameen (and as far as my research shows all microcredits originally to be celebrated at 1997 microcreditsummit) were fundamentally employment agencies owned in trust for those who were most underemployed, and their next generation

in grameen's case the idea was what 60 job clusters can poorest in every village sustain if they also own the financing, community market and knowledge hub

in brac's case the idea was to redesign whole sectors so that every job in the whole sector chain payed more than a living wage and the whole sector channel was owned in trust for the poorest, and sustainable development

some interesting employment social business agencies which mobile tech could now connect:

matching those with grameen secondary scholarships -132537 issued up to May 2011

matching those with grameen university student loans - 48768 issued to may 2011

matching the 3500 world citizens leaving gandhi family's world's favourite schooling system each year

matching any youth who has interned at bangladeshi microcredit over last 3 decades

once these ideas are ready in concept form they should be debated with jack ma as he can whitebox any number of replications of virtual employment agencies, and technologists leading bank a billion's ownership of transactional protocols as owne by the peoples not by big banks or govs

I wouldnt send my daughter to a usa university unless it convinced me it had an employment agency owned in interest of youth and all professors were examinable to it

Probably the most timely valladolid treaty which queen sofia and los indignados could call for can extrapolate on above idea development;  and say that all european countries students should unite through an association of youth owned income generating agencies/portals and withdraw from voting for any political party or using any media that does not listen to their ideas on restructuring european nations which need to be diametrically oposite from moodys rating agencies- as for sacking professors who dont help them in that effort , roll it on- adam smith was very strongly against education certificates being owned by any top-down group especially government or higher ed cliques (clearly the the greatest uneconomic error in higher education and part of western government's pervasive disinvestment in youth and thus quintuple did recession through 2010s unless changed now)


chris macrae wash dc 1-301 881 1655 skype chrismacraedc

Breaking Newws : Norman Macrae Foundation - Ning   Youth and Yunus   Journal of Social Business

All business models are designed around 3 main factors that explain whether there will be coninued growth or bubbled collapse

Is there a positive cash flow model that can be openly probed for robustness of unique purpose against future scenarios? - without a positive cashflow model , proof of value is missing; we believe that entrepreneurship only exists where transparent positive cashflow models are mapped  what is done with the surplus from each accounting period?- in social business- no dividend is paid out externally ; all is revinvested in the purpose- that is partly because those who funded the social busiess agreed the purpose was that life critical or extraordinarily valuable who owns/stewards the equity? on this question the whole theoretical basis of economics (the subject Keynes' work proved would increasingly rule the world depends) - ie is economics a discipline aimed at investing in youth and leaders developing each place's sustaianability , or is it the tool big brothers (Hayek's Ftal Conceit) use to own and engame the world in ways that conflict with nature's evolutionary code

see also

Dedication To Dad - who helped start the most exciting intergenerational change journey  with Entrepreneurial Revolution trilogy in THe Economist from 1976 on

mathematically, the most purposeful systems in the world have:

zero dividends, positive cashflow reinvested in purpose, ownership (in trust) to poorest or those in most need of purpose

why not gov, charities, public media etc as SB?


download : launch invitation to social business modellers written by Dr Muhammad Yunus, 25 Dec 2007

Social Business IQ test

 Q1 True or False : SB Entrepreneurs often aim to invent systems with 10 times more economical impact for communities



Q2 True or False: The SB model is the most widely tested model of job creation dynamics in knowledge networking economies



Q3 Which of these do Social Business Networkers aim to do?


1) Celebrate the most purposefully designed organisations in the world


2) Make the 2010s the most exciting decade to be alive


3) Design an economics is best for young people and can accelerate achievement of any sustainability goal that the majority of the world wants


4 All of the above


Classifications provisional rsvp info if you can help 

SB*=social action team trying to test out possibility of SB

SB** =locally voted as near SB as constitutions alowed

SB*** = assumed  would pass if audited by expert panel to fit Bangladeshi definition of SB as sustainability led by Nobel Laureate Dr Yunus  - social business system design offers necessary conditions (no dividends, positive cashflow model reivestimg in in purpose, ownership in trust for poorest or thise in greatest need of the purpose -  SO cultivating sustainability world's most purposeful benchmarks for open replication wherever the race to end poverty is collaboratively celebrated)


Africa & South America & Spanish/Portuguese


 Social not SB




Social not SB




 tech forpoor 

joburg branch of is trying as hard as possible to become a social business meta-hub capable of being able to guide hi-trust leadership quests to SB across African continent; we see hubs as one of the 12 collaboration partnering benchmarks  that need to be fit together to respond to any most exciting goal of 2010s archives - african connector, and Joburg founder, Lesley Williams asks dr yunus about differences in SB Capitalism & Gates Capitalism, Norman Macrae (The Economist's Unacknowledged Giant) 85th birthday luncheon, Saint James, 2008

 YOU CAN HEAR ME NOW possibilities of Tech for the Poor changed absolutely when Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus introduced mobile telephone ladies to Bangladesh's poorest villages; his 1996 revoluion was knowledge worker led; by 1999 Kenya's Jamii Bora launched a second revolution- mobile microcredit whose job creation operations were performed for and by youth in semi-urban slums; by 2009 JP Morgan's NY HQ was inviting JB's founder Ingrid Munro to celebrate what the most inspiring banking systems in the world communaly sustain; microcreditsummit's world leading patron Queen Sofia was asking why not start replicating youth mobilised microcredit to 50 S. Hemi countries before she hosts the world microcreditsummit in spain 2011     Ali Baba
   We are now 14 years into the greatest dash for entrepreneurial freedom ever seen - started by the social business of being a grameen village telephone lady. Today over 40 million Bangladeshi's share knowhow on mobile phones showing how absurd conventional wisdom is when it comes to forecasting network entrepreneurial revolution - ref world bank consultant prediction in 1995 of a maximum quarter of a million mobile Banglas.  Dr Yunus headhunted Kazi Islam in 2007 to be his most connected tech for the poor projects leader. He's now at Grameen Phone IT after 3 years of founding; universities helping dr yunus with tech are Kyushu (Grameen Technolgy Lab) and Asian Institute of Tech. Corporate partnerships hub round GrameenIntel. Job Creation super-challenges linkin to the teams connecting Grameen and China's Ali Baba. We are trying to devlop a guide to top 10 people and institutes to visit in dhaka if world class mobile partnerships for the poor is what your life's for. 

Financial Services


Jamii Bora Kenya

Microloanfoundation, Malawi

BRAC Tanzania, Sudan, Uganda

Grameen Trust – various

Grameen Carlos Slim Mexico





Grameen Credit Agricole

Education & Vocational Having talked to the founder for 30 minutes-  lady who is  modern day mother theresa, this is a special favourite- have no idea of it model; founder may appreciate help if anyone who cares sees best one   

CIDA S.Africa


New Zealand netgen schools  –students are primarily interviewers and team searchers not examined objects

Scott McNealy’s new $100 million goal: to turn his “Curriki” (“Curriculum Wiki”: ) project into an open-source free  Wikipedia-like global curriculum “to turn K–12 education upside down”:

I am very interested in this for the following sorts of reasons beyond the context

0 can confirm that 2 years ago mcneally's talk in dc mentioned this as his great hobby 

1 dad's Economist survey of silicon valley in the early days tracked how venture capitalists launched sun

2 now sun has been taken over by oracle I assume mcneally has new life to mission

3 eric and I have been watching a network that hosts big events in dc founded by an ex mcneally man

4 do you have any connections with mcneally; I am still thinking of paying for wine and cheese for  west coast remembrance party of dad but obviously I need some names to co-host

5 at the end of the day beyond curing the mathematical cancers in wall street, tech for poor and education revolution for all children will determine whether mankind makes the internet the best thing or the worst thing ever to have happened to one generation - 26 years into saying this I feel a bit like a cracked record but gordon if you can ever stop off in bangladesh on one of your world tours let me see if I can come over and fix meetings for you; quite soon, we hope to hub some kind of visitors space where anyone who believes 2010s is most exciting decade leaves their links

6 zasheem - is it too early to start up a sub-editorial board of your new journal on schools education - only gordon has really been turning dads 1984 dreams for schools into internetworked reality


Luckow City Montessori, India


BRAC informal primary


Grameen Shikkha includes secondary scholarships and vocation labs


BRAC University


Grameen Yunus Centres

Health & Safety


Jamii Bora’s 250000 family health insurance may be most economical ever group purchased




Grameen Kalyam

Grameen Housing

Grameen Nurse

Grameen Danone

BASF Grameen

Grameen GreenChildren Eyecare- aravind replication


Zero-carbon & Clean water/food

 BarefootPower -Oz HQ but in D & E hemispheres  

Jamii Bora’s Kaputei is the first sustain- ability ecovillage created by a microcredit the us franchise of neville williams, who is the inspiration of most solas SB around the world  NW's SB franchise

Grameen Veolia


Grameen Shakti out of india, probably the most exciting water fountain SB franchise- part of danone communities SB fund

Job Creation

Media & MicroE Community Spaces 

 Microcreditsummit 2009-2011 has a special focus on southern hemisphere & spanish speaking economies : locations colombia 09, kenya10, spain 11 


Grameen Solutions NY


Integrated Sectors owned by or for poorest


Grameen Otto


BRAC Poultry

BRAC livestock



Cp1 Micro SB Cp2 Foundation Cp3microsummit Cp4 Place leader Cp5 World Stage Cp6 TN$ Audit Cp7 Collaborative Nations Cp8 Corporates

Cp9 Univerities Cp10 SB Funds and competitions CP11 Youth owned employment agency & mobile-webs change jobs C12 Converting NGO/Hubs

  10-win exponential modelSustainability Collaboration Partnering is the new Innovation

SB Name

Nearest Gameboard



Nurses Job Creation









Aravind’s purpose is ending unnecessary blindness. Its SB model is 10 times more economical for poorest. It has streamlined the way that the laser surgeon and paranurses work so that about 5 times more surgeries are done per surgeon than by any other cataract surgery. The paranurses are trained from girls in the village being a wages win-win for the girls and Aravind. It asks that patients pay what they can afford up to a a maximum which is still two thirds less than cheapest eye surgery. Through this means, up to thirds of patients get their operation for free. Restoring eyesight multiplies both social and economic value. Conceptualisation in India, Aravind “borrowed” world leading advice from Larry Brilliant who was working for neigbouring NGOs. Its franchise has now been open sourced beyond India with Muhammad Yunus making several replications, the first of which were funded by the socially responsible Pop Group The Green Children whose songs brought additional joy to the Nobel Prize ceremony.

Grameen – National

The bank that wasn’t a bank

Sustainability Olympics SB Summit















Grameen’s purpose is ending poverty –  a broken system which up to a third of the world’s children are born into.  Bangladesh was itself born as world’s poorest nation in 1971 after a bloody war of independence with Pakistan which had until 1946 been part of the colonisation of India.  Nowhere have entrepreneurs had such impact in building a nation as Bangladesh. At the epicentre of this is Grameen : the greatest job creation system ever designed. After 7 years of trial, Dr Yunus and his 4 co-founders formalised the first social business , constituted by a Bangladeshi law of 1983,   the Grameen Bank owned by the poorest


The bank that isn't a bank also offers a free market space and a knowledge hub for every 60 villagers – today there are over 125000 of these Village Centres serving the 7+ million members of Grameen. Grameen’s 10-win model needed 7 years of testing to discover such values as : its poor women owners primarily wanted future investment and Grameen’s innovative leadership to be focused on their children’s development. Thus the bank was designed both to be income generating for its female members and to bring health and education to their children who would otherwise have perpetuated illiteracy.  With customers and owners united in investing exponential rising purpose, working for Grameen, as 25000 people now do, is a joy. As Grameen local branch staff come to every Village Centre once a week, they experience first hand the micro ecologies of banking, marketing and knowledge networking interfaced with each other to maximise sustainable use of local and human resources. And this experience generates micro up entrepreneurial dynamics that compound 10 times more economic performance locally than any macroeconomist could begin to plan. For example, consider Grameen’s development of clean energy – since 1996  energy systems have been meticulously interconnected in a natural way that now makes Grameen Shakti a world benchmark installing more solar units than the whole of the USA. Another application showing how micro up and collaboration system design make light of networking age is the 1996 investment that Grameen made in mobile telephone ladies. What the villagers led, the whole of Bangladesh followed – there are now over 40 million mobile networkers with a world epicentre in digital infrastructure and smart media’s job creation for the poor


After a third of a century, Grameen has established the largest case bank of examples where microeconomics is ten time more economic than global top-down can be. It has played a core role in microcreditsummit since its launch in what has become the benchmark for summits that set heroic goals (reach 100 million of the poorest with microcredit in under a decade. Grameen has received prizes from various royalty and Dr Yunus is celebrated as a worldwide hero with the 2006 Nobel Peace prize. More remarkably, Grameen offers a paradigm for freeing the global market of banking to be sustainable.  


Young people see the social business model as the job creation way ahead. Worldwide citizens can now  hub around microentrepreneurial centres and help NGO’s and others change over to the recyclable social business dollar co-creating the most purposeful organisations ever designed and sustained.



Dear Lamiya - urgent support requested

I need a simple 2-minute survey now that social business fans including 1000 book club readers, youth ambaasadors, CEO co-branders in creating sustainability, business school heads ...  could be asking each other

please tell me if you have improvements to these 5 short questions

5 deepest questions social business practitioners ask each other

What makes this the most exciting entrepreneurial challenge?

Eg aim for 10 times more economical model

How is this mathematical optimal design for resolving any sustainability crisis

Which stories make this essential to youth and job creation

Why is this the world’s greatest invention?

What’s the question 5th  we could be networking around

The way to sustain the world according to Journalists for Humanity, Sustainability Investment banking's epicentre in Dhaka, and you? -RSVP info@

.Since microeconomists coined the term Entrepreneurial Revolution in the 1976 Economist, Dr Yunus has been top of ER's premier league. For the first 30 of these years by deveoping the world's greatest inventions in micro franchises for pe sourcing the www race to end poverty . Since winning the Nobel prize in 2006 he has invited the world's most resourced organsiations to play social business partnerships with grassroots networks of microentrepreneurs serving life critical needs SO AS TO free global markets to value the most sustainable innovations each global sector can compound. Try playing the global social busienss partnership ABC game -tell us ideas you have of whose customers and societies of a global brand could most celebrate sustainability innovations next.gabc1.jpg.


To Mostofa Grameen YunusForum - In launching Youth Amabassador 5000 for undergraguates 09/10, please could you see if Dr YUnus would like me to sponsor this competition. I supply the $500 - mostofa selects shortlist; Dr Yunus chooses winner from registered youth ambassadors

$500 prize for best announcement in under 100 words of why world loves social business entrepreneurs -deadline berlin's 20th fall of wall

Example Entry (97 words) The 20th century’s biggest lesson about productive places to live - communism’s over-government of markets doesn’t work This leaves many choices between entrepreneurial system designers –eg which of these organisational designs do you prefer?

  • Ever higher prices <> low prices
  • Ever less responsibility <> high responsibility
  •  Ever less transparency <> high transparency
  • Ever more profit for speculators <> Reinvestment in purpose, ownership by communities ending poverty
  • “Wall Street 21st Century model” <>

“Bangladesh social business model” Bangladesh models have sustained investment for 37 years. They are now world leaders in sectors such as banking, solar energy, mobile design and open source knowhow models

 Muhammad Yunus: One thing that is very clear to me- that with the Social Business taking off, the world of free market capitalism will never be the same again, and it then will really be able to put the deathblow on global poverty. I am sure many business wizards and successful business personalities will apply their abilities to the SB challenge of creating a poverty-free world within a short time,

Diary of best news I have ever heard in 33 years of worldwide marketing

April 09: Grameen Veolia has opened. It is offering drinking water at 80 times lower cost than any business has ever sold water at

09 I hear that BASF has become the first German Future Capitalism partner - both building on the nutrional supplement sector that became the world's first FC breakthrough and helping Bangladeshi's manufacture nets that prevent malaria. I wish this sort of innovation would get all the global headlines it deserves - rumors are that German leaders are racing to celebrate FC, Volksvagen and Adidas are going to come up with future capitalism ventures on the highest visibility stages of all -eg the World Cup  

Congratulations to New York's 19-25 and East Coast Students on committing to try to link the first Catalogue of 1000 replicable social busineses designed to end poverty -MY

Yes We Can Sustain MICRO -tabulation indexed by 7 vital services of communities rising ; wherever possible unique case views are footnoted -please email if you have a suggested correction or a nomination
Replication origin bankinglearning & job creatinghealth & safety

clean energy, food, water

media and channels -the SB of photjournalism?

governance transparencyProfessionals with Hippo Oaths
.Africa & South

.1 Jamii Bora MicroCredit & Mobilising Micro-Everything


42 Grameen Credit Agricole

43 Microloanfoundation (malawi mc), world benchmark student club in Boston, London HQ

44 Fantsuam Foundation (Nigeria)

81 Grameen Carlos Slim (Mexico)

82 Pro Mujer Bolivia

83 FundacionCarvajal A colombian not-for profit fundacion which appears to use social bus


230 Fonkoze has been described as a BRAC-style replicate for Haiti. also its own desription as Haiti’s Alternative Bank for the Organized Poor. We are the largest micro-finance institution offering a full range of financial services to the rural-based poor in Haiti. Fonkoze is committed to the economic and social improvement of the people and communities of Haiti and to the reduction of poverty in the country.
Learn more >>

232 Fonkoze debit card for remiittances to Haiti

70 Community Development Foundation, Mozambique

.2 Jamii Bora Business School

6 Jamii Bora Hope (social interventions mentoring network)

51 CIDA Free University (Johannesburg)

71 Injaz jordan

612 Senna Institute

601 Helps Guatemala

231 Fonkoze literacy program in Haiti includes life-skils and rights

010 -is this the most efficient health campaign of the year -please main other nominations

3 Jamii Bora Health Insurance

4 Jamii Bora Housing Estate

5 Jamii Bora Disaster Insurance

7 Jamii Bora alcoholics anonymous

66 villagereach - mozambique

67 waterpartners

71 - (motorbike) transportation for medics in africa

8 Jamii Bora Solar

9 Jamii Bora Estate Utilities

63 La Laiterie du Berger- Senegal - combating nutrition chlalenge that 90% of milk is imported

64 1001 fontaines - purifying village water - camdodia, madagascar

69 solar cells kibera

70 Project Gaia, Ethiopia, Ashden energy award winner

hot is : 20 -The Age of Stupid


 451 Fundacion Alas - using celebrity to end poverty - rsvp who does most good with their fame -eg Shakira

450 appears to be a social business mobile replication agent with a focus on S.America -founder also associated with Microlumbia

.460 Athletes for Africa

461 traderightinternational -shea nuts and other ghana markets

.Bangla & India & East

.100 Grameen Bank

121 Destitute and ‘struggling’ members: There are special services for very poor villagers under a ‘destitute members’ scheme. In this scheme, kendra members take responsibility for coaching a very poor woman who may take small loans with very flexible terms and schedules, without being a formal group or kendra member. A special category of the destitute are beggars – called ‘Struggling Members’ by the bank – and there are exclusive programmes for them.

122 Struggling members program

131 future capitalism : Grameen Credit Agricole

132 Principality of Monaco Social Business Fund

200 BRAC BRAC is the largest collaboration network of social businesses in the world. It is reaching 110 million poor people annually. Its grassroots service networks are active in 70,000 villages in all of the 64 districts of Bangladesh, reaching an estimated 75 percent of the entire population. Its health programs serve more than 92 million people, its microfinance programs assist more than 7 million borrowers, and its education programs reach more than 1.5 million children. Today, the organization generates 80 percent of its $485 million budget from its wholly owned social businesses. Case  In recent times it has also been replcating to selected Muslim countries internationally.

BRAC has computerized its entire microfinance program so that it could more closely monitor all of its loans and curtail ineffective practices. At the heart of its banking businesses is one of Bangaldesh’s 3 mainstream rural microcredit programs. It has also IPO'd a city bank that increases BRAC's own funding ( in a similar way that Grameen mobile in cities became a major source of funds)

207 BRAC’s New Program for the Ultra- Poor, which currently serves 132,000 women. The focus group revealed that some of the poorest families in Bangladesh could not participate in BRAC’s microfinance program because they did not have the wherewithal to borrow and repay.“They needed grants rather than loans,” says Abed. And so BRAC designed a program that would “hold the hands” of Bangladesh’s poorest 10 percent by giving them grants and stipends for the first two years of their participation, he says. Then, most of the clients “graduate,” becoming full-fledged microfinance borrowers.

208 another innovative BRAC microcerdit program connect teenage girls now serving 300,000+.  -see eg 1

250 ASA

251 safesave

252 Kashf microcredit Pakistan

microcredit & mobile

253 grameen koota (india) & partner mChek

300 Lucknow City Montesorri world's largest school

126 Grameen Shikkha High-school scholarships: typically 2/3 go to girls

108 Grameen Intel

201 Brac's informal primary school systems. In 2007, Informal schooling system comprises: 20000 pre-primary, 32000 primary, 2000 secondary schools

204 - in recent years BRAC wanted to improve teacher training and curricula in its network of more than 50,000 one-room rural schools.  High-speed Internet access was the best way to get information to teachers. BRAC partnered with San Francisco- based gNet to create bracNet, which is building Bangladesh’s high-speed network from scratch.

213 There is also BRAC University. And BRAC research webs   

471 Barefoot College

61 goodwill india

310 Room to Read


312 prayasam -children as healthcare teachers -Amlan Ganguly

.112 Grameen Kalyan health Insurance for $2 per year

101 Grameen Danone 1 2 kids

fortified yogurt


102 Grameen GreenChildren Eye Hospital (Aravind Replication)

111 Grameen housing loan program - started to provide monsoon-proof roof over head  & pit latrine hygience - over .25 million; won Aga Khan architecture award

130 future capitalism -no shoeless person -adidas may announce $1 shoe at next world cup

61 -unverified as a social business- 1 for 1 shoes given to shoeless kids is an important health service

70 scojo reading glasses India -now known as vision spring - supplies vision entrepreneurs with a saleskit in a bag

80 Vision Spring eyecare 

202 Brac's healthcare services originated round Oral Rehydration village nursing.Today’s nursing programs  focus to such areas as: MNCH  Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health; WASH Water and Sanitation Health

301 Aravind Eyecare India

302 limbs -jaipur foot - artificial limbs

330 lifeline foundation - india - Das partnerships with yunus

511 emergency constructions -chile & S.America

422 Friends-International

53 Janani affordable family planning

81 peace rehabilitation nepal

103 Grameen Shakti Solar

104 Grameen Shakti Biogas

105 Grameen Veolia water

106 Grameen Seeds (eg for planting carrots to end children's night blindness due to vitamin a deficiency)

107 Grameen Fisheries

133 future capitalism - grameen volksvagen joint venture

160 REDP China - solar etc

590 Sustainable South Bronx

201 selco india - one of neville williams founding initiatives in solar energy -recently an Ashden winner

202 mightylight


BRAC Integrated dairy Businesses

209 in 1990, BRAC DAIRY.  began making microloans to poor women who wanted to raise milk cattle. But when Abed met with one of the program’s borrowers, she revealed that she was having a hard time getting the milk to market, and that even when she could, she received only one-third of the price that milk sellers received in Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital. So in 1998 BRAC established the BRAC Dairy, which primarily purchases and markets the milk that its microlendees produce. To collect and process the milk for the dairy, BRAC has set up 80 milk chilling centers across Bangladesh. The BRAC Dairy and milk collection centers employ more than 500 people. In 2007, the project generated $1.15 million in surplus cash, which was enough not only to support the workers and dairy farmers, but also to expand operations. The BRAC Dairy is also becoming increasingly competitive with other Bangladeshi dairies: Its market share increased from 20 percent in 2006 to 35 percent in 2007.

210 BRAC created an artificial insemination (AI) program in 1998. BRAC operates one bull station and a network of 70 storage facilities across the country, training more than 1,000 AI workers. These workers not only deliver high-quality semen and inseminate cows, but also provide wrap-around services such as vaccination, pregnancy diagnosis, and calf delivery. BRAC pays the workers a fixed fee per insemination, which means that the more work the AI worker completes, the greater is his income. BRAC’s AI program generated $60,000 in profits in 2007. At the same time, it not only granted job skills and income to people across Bangladesh, but also supported the microentrepreneurs, dairy and chilling-center employees, and consumers—many of whom are also poor—further down the value chain.

211 BRAC Integrate Broiler Processing,In Bangladesh, approximately 70% of landless rural women are directly or indirectly involved in poultry rearing activities. The poultry and livestock sector accounts for approximately 3% of the country's GDP . BRAC's poultry programme is composed of several components:  poultry farms and hatcheries, feed mills, feed analysis and poultry disease diagnosis laboratories .The programme was started in the early eighties to protect poultry and livestock from disease by developing skilled village-level poultry and livestock extension workers (para veterinarians).We produce and distribute good quality day old chicks as well as poultry, cattle and fish feed. To date, 2.1 million people have been involved in this programme.

212 BRAC Solar Social Business : 37000 units installed to date.

454 Gramvikas - water and sanitation

109 Grameen Mobile Phone


203 Back in 1974, BRAC’s first social business began in media. It emerged from a printing press that supplied books and other printed materials to the organization’s schools and education programs. Owning a press was a way to cut printing costs and to reclaim the profits that the profit-extracting sector would have taken. It also enables BRAC to open up the future relevance of  schools curricula and cultural evolution. Currnet annual profits from this business wholly reinvested back in BRAC are over $300,000 annually.

, 205 Wherever BRAC achieves market leadership its channels act like cooperatives typically deploying business models that British author Alan Mitchell terms right-side up. BRAC launched  the social business of Aarong Craft Shops. Aarong helps 65,000 rural artisans market and sell their handicrafts and has become the most popular handicraft marketing operation in Bangladesh. Its brand is as fashionable as any a for-profit corporation can offer.


Integrated Silk Production;

BRAC’s Sericulture programme  in 2007 has built up to more than 7,500 silkworm rearers and 5,800 spinners. They  have been engaged in producing a total of 212 metric tonnes of silk worm cocoons and 21 metric tonnes of raw silk.

470 Tarsian - Afghan womens craft trade

471 wokai - a chinese kiva





410 Shorebank

411 Grameen Bank USA branch 1 Queens New York; branch 2 Omaha Nebraska

420 WholePlanetFoundation

421 Microcredit Enterprises Arizona supports scaling or health connecting of about 15 MFis

435 thecarrotproject

430 *Paris municipal microcredit bank

431 *California University State Microcredit Bank

441 Grameen Glasgow

In the uk it is presumably the case that the 432 royal mail and its newly energing 433 peoples bank are social business entrepreneurial revolutions waiting to happen - is there anything similar in usa? I think paris has started something similar with its social business bank - any other leadership quest sightings?

434 DSL Business Finance (Glasgow)

442 cdfa - uk association of small microcredit-types

471 MyC4- denmark to africa

501 Youth Microcredit International

502 La Ceiba (Honduras)

510 Freedom from Hunger - ffh partners

511 FFH reports Ghana now has a sort of avon lady but microfinanced to sell healthcare products door t door

512 Enterprise mentors - see also utah's warner woodworth

600 mondragon - a sort of coop invetsment bank from spain

.500 curriki open sourcing school texts

501 Gems schools and curricula

440 UK's Sure Start Child-Centres intended as social business program


611 Fifteen

612 DC Kitchen

620 manchesterbidwell - community job creation usa

621 YouthBuild - job creation usa

622 verite better worlplaces www

50 embrace incubators -cost $25 where other baby incubators can cost up to $20000 

51 heart bypass operations for about $2700 compared with $100000+


60 path


. 331 Lions Sight First claims to give back $6 - it may not be exactly a social business but it seems to network to similar effect

332 adaptive-eyecare another player worth noting even if its not quite an SB

333 KansasCity Free Eye

434 Britian's NHS is still the grand-aunt of social business of healthcare but like many grand aunts she's lost her gait or is it gatesway -irredeemably so probably not, meanwhile which country's health system is the best social business

435 New Zealand NHS? or you tell us

436 GAIN nutrition -awards oompetition

437 B corporation -catalogues corporations with transparency

438 (connected to ashoka)

439 cfed DC

406 One Condoms Uk The company licenced to distribute american manufacturer one condoms claims to be social business

580 harvard shelter-housing loans MFI program

581 TheBridgeFund (NY)

590 solesunited -recycles crocs shoes



470 FullBellyProject - universal nut shredder

406 offsetters

.0 the www remains the number 1 social business thanks to its MIT guardians ringled by Tim B-L; is there any way its competence focus on weaving technology protocols could find a partner on internet for the poor?

420 climate champions -media ops for social business that change the world is often mistakenly assumed to be the sole preserve of large finance - actually designing a competition that becomes a worldwide cup and so instant stage for top 10 league table. This is less to do with money and more to do with window of opportunity to fill in an urgent storytelling gap inspiring human interest. Next to zero cost worldwide scaling of brands is an entrepreneurial practice known as brand seeding first studied in world class brands literature emerging in late 1980s. 


422 operates fair trade webs out of seattle with net profits gong to charities or social bus

430 appropedia rsvp with your favourite wiki social business

400 publicly owned : the BBC is the grandaunt of mass media social business however its got its knickers in a twist in 2 particularly dismal ways - being accountable to big government not the people, and believing that spectator sports deserve more share of voice than sustainability social action networks- come back grandaunt before london olympics 2012. lease put more program content inviting youth to leadership quest sustainabilty-activating yes we can projects and micro-up goodwill all over the world; why not a worldwide end poverty apprenticeship reality tv program with MYBangla 1 2 3

412 (blog)

401 TheGreenChildren (responsibility pop group)

403 Yunus The Movie comng soon as an event linked into cataloguing social Business

413 Paul Newman foods

404 Kiva - though with reservations

440 needmag

441 People Tree (foundation)

442 secod

443 catalyst

444 grameencl - creative lab germany


youthful consultancies

500 Cornell Social Business Consultancy


.special collections -health from world congress 2009


4 extremely affordable health innovations , world health congress 6; DC April15
we welcome youtube reporting of this to appear here
  1. Mobile Solutions for Nutrition Monitoring
    Presenter: Mr. Sean Blaschke, Grad Student, International Affairs, Columbia University
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  2. A Chlorhexidine Product for Umbilical Cord Care
    Presenter: Ms. Mutsumi Metzle, Commercialization Officer, PATH
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  3. LifeSpring Hospitals
    Presenter: Ms. Tricia Morente, Director, Marketing and Strategy, LifeSpring Hospitals
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  4. "Car Part" Incubator: An Innovative Solution
    Presenter: Ms. Aya Caldwell, , CIMIT Global Health Initiative
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  5. Cost-Effective Asphyxia Intervention in Aceh
    Presenter: Ms. Aya Caldwell, , CIMIT Global Health Initiative
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  6. MIDA (Medical In-Field Diagnostic Assistant)
    Presenter: Mr. Alexander Albertine, Program Manager, MIDA International
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  7. Women-Owned Franchises: Diagnostics in Rural India
    Presenter: Ms. Ann Rogan, Manager, Rural Health Services, Drishtee
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  8. Resdida: Affordable Bi-Directional Communications
    Presenter: Ms. Karen Vincent, COO, Resdida
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  9. Hot Diagnostic Technologies: Low cost, point of care
    Presenter: Mr. Paul LaBarre, Technical Officer, PATH
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  10. Ultra Rice: Expanding markets for fortified rice
    Presenter: Ms. Rae Galloway, Nutrition Specialist, PATH
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  11. InSTEDD's Global Early Warning and Response System
    Presenter: Dr. Taha Kass-Hout, Director, InSTEDD
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  12. Rapid Healthcare Diagnostics Network - D.Scope
    Presenter: Dr. Daniel Niclas, CSO, D-Rev
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  13. Social Marketing and Franchising for a Better Life
    Presenter: Ms. Preeti Anand, General Manager, Programs, Janani
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  14. Embrace: A $25 Infant Incubator
    Presenter: Ms. Jane Chen, CEO, Embrace
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  15. Affordable, Sustainable Mobile Health Delivery
    Presenter: Mr. Don Yansen, Director, ClickHealth
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  16. The CFWclinics Franchise Network
    Presenter: Mr. Greg Starbird, COO, HealthStore Foundation
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  17. Mobile Games for Healthcare
    Presenter: Dr. Hilmi Quraishi, Chief Learning Technologist, ZMQ Software Systems
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  18. Water-Based Health Care Delivery in Bangladesh
    Presenter: Ms. Rupa Patel, Volunteer, Friendship Health Care
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  19. Arsenic Water Filter
    Presenter: Jamil Husain, CEO, Telophase Corporation
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  20. Remote Health Monitoring Device
    Presenter: Jamil Husain, CEO, Telophase Corporation
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  21. Integration of Hygiene Kits into Health Service Delivery
    Presenter: Cecilia Kwak, Technical Advisor, Child Survival, Population Services International
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  22. Electrochemical Arsenic Remediation for Rural Asia
    Presenter: Susan Addy, Postdoctoral Scholar, University of California, Berkeley
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  23. WaterHealth International: Clean Water Solutions
    Presenter: Susan Addy, Postdoctoral Scholar, WaterHealth International
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  24. An integrated, fully automated system for CD4, CD4% and hematology analysis for on-site, on-time HIV/AIDS patient monitoring and management
    Presenter: Kim Beer, Marketing Director Worldwide, Pointcare Technologies
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  25. Low-cost Ventilator
    Presenter: Arsath Ahammed, Student Inventor, BITS Dubai
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  26. Low-cost SPRD
    Presenter: Greg Shane, Director Business Development , AktivPak
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  27. Low-cost Infusion Pump
    Presenter: Amir Genosar, CEO, Fluonic
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  28. Affordable Needle-Free Measles Immunization
    Presenter: Amir Genosar, CTO, Aespironics
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  29. Developing a large scale consumption of fonio
    Presenter: Sanoussi Diakite, Chercheur, DKP
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  30. BASF Grameen Ltd.
    Presenter: Egon Weinmueller, Director, Global Strategic Marketing , BASF SE
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  31. IMI: Providing Access to Mobility
    Presenter: Rudy Roy, Co-Founder, Intelligent Mobility International
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  32. Rural Micro-enterprise for Improved Nutrition
    Presenter: Hart Jansson, Vice-President, Malnutrition Matters
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  33. Safe Drinking Water: A Reality for All
    Presenter: Rohini Mukherjee, Head, Global Partnerships, Naandi Foundation
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  34. FrontlineSMS:Medic - Towards Healthcare in a Box
    Presenter: Lucky Gunasekara, Director, Clinical Programs, FrontlineSMS:Medic
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  35. Question Box - Village Health Hotline
    Presenter: Rose Shuman, Founder and CEO, Open Mind - Question Box
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  36. Health Children - Renascer
    Presenter: Laura Cordeiro, Executive Assistant , Renascer - Child Heath
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  37. Micro-health Insurance Scheme of Grameen Kalyan
    Presenter: Imamus Sultan, Managing Director, Grameen Kalyan
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  38. Low-Cost USB-based Ultrasound Probes
    Presenter: David Zar, Research Associate, Washington University
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  39. Envirofit Clean Cookstoves - Sustainability & Scale
    Presenter: Ron Bills, CEO and Chairman, Envirofit International
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  40. A social business for drinking water in Bangladesh
    Presenter: Erice Lesueur, Project Director, Veolia Water
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
  41. A Home-based Urine Test for Clinical Malaria
    Presenter: Mr. Eddy Agbo, CEO/CSO, Fyodor Biotechnologies, Inc.
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)

our web tracking emergence of malaria social business versus Obama's 2015 pledge is at we welcome news of other deadline webs for market sector reponsibility/sustainability

  1. Aravind Eye Hospital (abstract coming soon)
    Presenter: TBD , , Aravind Eye Hospital
    View Abstract          View Poster (coming soon)
5 things Social Business is
  • IS The most exciting entrepreneurial designs and sustainability investments ever played
  • Capable of integrating every child's hope so that there is no impossible gap between I have a dream and if its goodwilled enough to fit my god-given entrepreneurial capability I can network its reality
  • Capable of sustaining an abundant human race through a yes we can transparency of economics and professional oaths that takes societies way beyond zero-sum constraints, shortages and bubbles- how can it be that this new technology has not yet made end poverty this generation's space race on earth?
  • Joyous, hi-trust connecting people's most enthusiastic energies at work in every way that communal pride and individual passion mustered by a purpose wholly worth serving can authorise
  • The best investment in rising exponentials that societies can gravitate round through time and so ensure a better inter-generational lot
  • ...sustainabilityg.jpg5 things Social Business is Not
  • NOT party to compounding any of the risks nor any of the sustainability investment errors that 20th century pre-networked systems compounded -be these charity or corporate, gov or Non-gov, world elite institute or extremist action cell
  • 0-9

    discuss averting worldwide slump at business as forceforgood ; facebook end slump videos .. league table of hi-trust ecoprofessors


    Professions which made rules up before our knowledge age assumed separation in everything they counted. This is the greatest maths mistake ever made now we are in an age where connectivity is the number 1 innovation dynamic. The social busienss model is the only mathematically correct one that I have seen published. The good news and the bad news is that all sustainability crises begin and end with this mathematical and governance error. 

    how to avert worldwide slump by Europe's senior microeconomist

    Saturday, August 27, 2011

    Ning Breaking News

    first of all - ning uses the west californian terminology of social business not yunus' though there could be an interconnection - indeed the two terms need to overlap as much as possible if ca is to ever help yunus greatest concepts become 2010s worldwide youth productivity networks

    which might be the first space to try

    yunus 5000 ambassadors, interns and interface with mficonnect now that Mrs Begum rest of life is on interns and youth vocational projects

    community of journal of social business

    something else -eg the community of virtual friends supporting sams new civil society network usa - ie relaunch of microcreditsummit  andseamless  productive youth network portals 2010s

    please note it sounds as if all the settings can be set so those who do the work see everything and those who contribute the least pay, so there is a lot of startegic choices (trial and error) to make with what ning calls paywalls


    11:04 am edt 

    Thursday, September 2, 2010

    True or False : SB Entrepreneurs often aim to invent systems with 10 times more economical impact for communities

    Answer True

    Let's dispel a few potential misunderstaings. My experience of journalism on entrepreneurs since 1976 shows that there's no more demanding/exciting entrepreneurial challenge than that of SB. If a sponsor is going to give you a free loan, it is likely that they are not just expecting you can do it but that they want to be associated with something important. There's lots of life critical need for 10 times more economical models out there - so who's going to do it if not the SB entrepreneur?

    These days technology may be one of the 10 times more economical door openers; historically SB modellers have also needed to solve a conflict as well as provdie a solution. Going ahead with an idea however logical but not knowing what local conflict also needs to be resolved is not smart, and makes failure very likely . However if we can turn an exchange that has been a lose-lose-lose one into a win-win-win one- that alone increases the prospect of celebrating 10 times more economical outcome. For example when dr yunus started allocating microloans it was to village women who were just making a livelihood even though they were financed by loansharks. In other words these were some of the most productive people on the planet and when they free to keep far more of the value of their own productivity they also wanted to invest in their children. So now wonder there was a long rising exponential to develop.

    There are quite a few places you can search to see that sustaining 10 times more value through a generation is possible if you develop the most pursposeful win-win-win systems. Collins & Porras found this in Built to Last; Kay has also found this. And this was in service or industrial economies. Peter Drucker has argued that compared with such 20th century productivities, knowledge networking age economies can lead to 50 times more productivity provided we develop models where the value of human knowhow multplies through the workers experience and to and from from society and customers they serve.

    Grameen is comfy that it cn take 7 years to plant a social and value multiplying revolution before take off is likely. This is how long it took for the bank itself between 1976-1983, and how long it took for another superstar innovation - Grameen's clean energy business. While the start was steady in 1996, Grameen now installs more solar units than the whole of USA.

     I find it absolutely fascinating to look at catalogues of social business models; arrange into a group those with 10 times more economical impact . For each case, work out how they did it. This is some of the most exciting work any analyst can be blessed with doing. 
    4:38 pm edt 

    Wednesday, September 1, 2010

    Q1 TRUE or FALSE: The SB model is the most widely tested model of job creation dynamics in knowledge networking economies

    Answer TRUE

    Of course if you can show us another model we will welcome comparisons - eg Glasgow is launching 2 journals for this reason.

    There are many pieces of supporting evidence:
    1) the maths of SB is the most win-win-win that large systems have ever been audited by
    2) Grameen is the number 1 job creating system esign of our net generation not just because it is a bank that makes loans only for productive communal purposes but it is configured around over 100,000 village markets and knowledge hubs owned by those most energised to work for and invest in youth. It is freeing global markets to vlue every most vital sustainability need -and rising exponential- that humnas can wish for.

    Since 1996, Dr Yunus investment in mobile communications has been the compass for the most exciting innovations in knowledge networking economics. Grameen Telephone, centred on village networking economics, grew in under a decade to be not just Bangladesh's largest telecom but its largest corporate tax payer. It is inspring both China nd India to rce to undertand the most life critcal knowledge economies of ange when everyone is mobile connecting where the cost for empowering this is built round my father's lte 1970s futures detailing of Death of Distance in The Economist

     Since 2005, when  leading organsitions such as global consumer goods, banks, utilities and universities in France,  asked Dr Yunus if they could partner in such knowledge networking economics experiments, the dynamics that enabled Bangladesh by itself to become a world leader in new industruies such as green energy are now being unleashed in evary global market sector whose elders choose to experiment with integrating the changed professional maps that are needed to exponentially sustain knowledge networking economic models.  Glasgow University, home to Adam Smith archives is taking the lead in open sourcing student curricula of this new economics - as 500 people who attended the July 4 global assembly in 2010 can help you mutiply knowhow round  

    Further Background
    My father's entrepreneurial revolution trilogy in The Economist 1976-1984 culimnting in our 1984 booki clrified why it is vluble for people to model 3 different prdigms of econoics:
    that where the unique value multipliers are mainly in the physical product - ie industril age

    that where value multiplication is mainly difefrentiated and sustined by people -ie service economy ; by 1976 the mjor deloping ntions hd most of their GDP dependent on service sectiors but professions mngers used hd not been chnged to model this

    that where the value of any organsitional system only grows if the value grows to its external stakehodlers - eg customers, societies - knowedge multuplies value in use;  it is only if we understnd this model that the 2010s will be the decde when humn productivity expoentlly rises - 10 fold within a generation in my father's estmtes nd 50 fild within 2 generations in Peter DRucker's estimates  

    6:34 am edt 

    Tuesday, August 31, 2010

    Answer -4) all

    Q Which of these do Social Business Networkers aim to do?


    1) Celebrate the most purposefully designed organisations in the world


    2) Make the 2010s the most exciting decade to be alive


    3) Design an economics is best for young people and can accelerate achievement of any sustainability goal that the majority of the world wants


    4 All of the above
    1 Most Purposeful Organisations: Purposeful organisation has been my main search & practice since 1990- I am helping form a club of 100 professionals committed to innovate their own professions in support of stockmarket that only includes built to last companies that are prepared to be exponentially audited for win-win-win purpose  ; there are various ways of making the case for this claim; I am interested in mathematical explanations - email if you are;  you can virtually or actually visit social businesses and make your own mind up - we regularly help people tour Bangladesh the origin of social business entrepreneurship in the early 1970s -in effect the inventor of privatiztion done to sve the futuresof poorest children; we network with people who help arrange leadership quest of SB in other regions; Glasgow is launching 2 journals for understanding impact of social business; Paris, Glasgow, Dhaka nd New York already have youth clubs scaling into the many thousands helping teachers change curricula to be SB inclusive ; DR Yunus's second book on social business focuses on inviting partnerships to design solutions to most pressing needs; I have collected feedback on purposeful design from 1000 readership networks of each of his books on the Social Business genre.     Dr Yunus is dedicating the rest of his live to helping everyone who most wants to make the 2010s most exciting decade- as he says in the 1960s we only had a moon race, today we have a sustainability race for earth and all earth's peoples. My father reported for The Economist for 40 years. As early as 1976 he began a series on entrepreneurial revolution mapping why 2010 would be the decade or irreversibility regarding how the net generation chooses to globalise. Dad's 85th birthday's wish was to map all microeconomists who can help dr yunus free markets to value sustainability. We re forming Norman Macrae Foundation with Glasgow University in search of that living wish.  
    Dear Andrew
    Father wanted me to try and start up a journal with Glasgow University and Muhammad Yunus on the economics that invests rising exponentials around youth and job creating community and collaboration technology, which seems to have gone missing from the way globalisation is spinning.
    We want to invite the world to make 2010s youth's most exciting decade with Scottish youth taking an entrepreneurial lead ; and Scotland has become the first country with 2 universities signing up partnerships with yunus in continuously staging this invitation
    You delivered a lovely paper on Hayek in 2005
    Would it be possible for us to reprint this in our new journal?
    Of course. Print away. And I hope my Alma mater is being obliging. 

    Sent from Andrew Neil's iPad

    6:01 pm edt 

    Friday, August 6, 2010

    Global Social Institute of Social Business - 20 SB to get to know per year
    Every Year THe lobal Institute of Social Business tries to help people get to know nother 20 outsanbding Socil Business; her's 2010's strts, nd ones we re keepong a watching eye on for 2011

     Top 20 Social Businesses to Know in 2010: Microcredit  : 1 Grameen, 2 BRAC, 3 Jamii Bora (Kenya)   HealthGrameen Nursing College. 5 Grameen Kalyam, 6 Aravind & GreenChildren Grameen Eyecare ,Jobs 7 Grameen Employment Agency, Energy 8 Grameen Shakti (Energy) , Media 9 Cinepop (Mexico), 10* (london & 50 capitals) , 11 Danone Communities ,    IT 12* Grameen Phone IT, 13 Grameen Intel,  14 Nutrition & Greatest Transformation of Global Brand Leadership Grameen Danone ; Water 15 Naandi,  .. 16 Grameen Veolia, Financial Services 17 Grameen Credit Agricole, Industrial Park 18 BASF Grameen, 19 Otto Grameen, 20 Grameen Fibreglass, -notes & discussion  ; rsvp to nominate SBfor  us to research for potential 2011 top 20 - discuss GIOSB at the SB club of ementor associated with the presidential summit of entrepreneurship  

    This web has a double.

    .Are these the cases people will want to know most about in 2011?

    Grameen Adidas
    Audiology SB
    Journal of SB
    Grmeen Scotland Bank
    Grameen Technology Lab (Kyushu) 
    Calfornia Institute of Social Business
    4:33 pm edt 

    Monday, October 26, 2009

    When people review 21st century business cases, some will say that Grameen Danone was a very curious case; others will say it was the most important global branding case of all time. It took us on a new journey at the crossroads of global media and global markets .

    Cp1 Micro SB Cp2 Foundation Cp3mIcrosummit Cp4 Place leader Cp5 World Stage Cp6 TM$ Audit Cp7 Collaborative Nations Cp8 Corporates

    Cp9 Univerities Cp10 SB Funds and competitions CP11 Youth owned employment agency & mobile-webs change jobs C12 Converting NGO/Hubs

      10-win exponential modelSustainability Collaboration Partnering is the new Innovation
    SB NameNearest GameboardEmpcustownGloLocCp1Cp2Cp3Cp4Cp5Cp6Cp7Cp8Cp9Cp10Cp11Cp12
    AravindNurses Job Creation***  *         **
    Aravind’s purpose is ending unnecessary blindness. Its SB model is 10 times more economical for poorest. It has streamlined the way that the laser surgeon and paranurses work so that about 5 times more surgeries are done per surgeon than by any other cataract surgery. The paranurses are trained from girls in the village being a wages win-win for the girls and Aravind. It asks that patients pay what they can afford up to a a maximum which is still two thirds less than cheapest eye surgery. Through this means, up to thirds of patients get their operation for free. Restoring eyesight multiplies both social and economic value. Conceptualisation in India, Aravind “borrowed” world leading advice from Larry Brilliant who was working for neigbouring NGOs. Its franchise has now been open sourced beyond India with Muhammad Yunus making several replications, the first of which were funded by the socially responsible Pop Group The Green Children whose songs brought additional joy to the Nobel Prize ceremony.
    Grameen Danone demands 21st C generations celebrate Yes We Can design of branding as that which values sustainability and communal transparency instead of perpetuating the system crises/fallibility other professions in (or sponsored by) Wall Street are still doing with their too big to fail systems - spinning the loss of sustainability at exponentially faster rates. Clearly this is one of the most controversial cases to document- so we ask you to help us edit the details - we know version 0 has many slips to correct chris macrae journalist for world class brands network est 1988
    .micro social business models emerge in Bangaldesh soon after its birth as world's poorest nation- the Grameen project born 1976 is formally constituted by Bangladeshi law as the world's first social business bank in 1983

    Soon after Dr Yunus' 2006 Nobel prizie, Benedicte Faivre-Tavignot at HEC, Paris, introduces Danone CEO Franck Riboud. Over lunch they co-create global branding partnerships in social business


    The world first social business fast moving conusmer good is a yogurt helping with the nutrition deficiencies of Bangladesh rural infants; replicating one of Yunus' earliest extensions from banking when grameen dr yunus noticed night blind kids and almost overnight grameen became the largest social business distributor of carrot seeds.

    The celebrations of Grameen Danone were joined by France's most famous footballer, and at the time of Dr Yunus French book laumch of social business in 2008- President Sarkozi. At which meeting Sarkozi declared France would be proud to host the first SMBA social business MBA at HEC. And other early global social business leaders came from France (Veolia and Credit Agricole) and then Germany (BASF and GrameenCreativeLab

    Then just in tome to celebrate 2010 as Joy of Life decade Grameen & Berlin partbered in the greatest week of sustainability events yet seen in this young 3rd millennium

    Additional notes from Entrepreneurial Revolution Journalists

    The fourth quarter of the 20th century began with 2 amazing simultaneous happenings:

    1. The Economist declared the 21st century would need to be led by a yet unknown system design - the exact opposite of image-led mega-corps. In 1976, it was already clear to economists who value systems' compound exponential futures that too much tv ad spots destroyed all the assumptions of Adam Smith's free markets including transparency of government (who could call 2008's Wall Street and congress transparent players in the market of global banking?), and the uneconomic habit of spending ever more of consumers money on ads designed to nag, addict and image over reality of what is actually being offered.
    2. The missing system of sustainable economics - some call the world's greatest invention, and Dr Yunus modestly calls social business - was emerging in Bangladesh in many many micro applications of which the most famously branded would become known as Grameen. The whole branding truth compounding Grameen onto a global stage as the last quarter of the 20th century ticked by was that over time it took on the global market of banking and demonstrated 10 times more economic banking could be communally sustained in main village - let alone main street. Better still it did this applying the greatest mission a brand has gravitated its purpose around - the human race to end poverty.

    However when Dr Yunus was belatedly awarded the Nobel Prize in 2006, he stunned opinion leaders by giving a speech not about Grameen microcredit banking but social business modelling being the system design solution that is needed to solve every sustainability crisis. It was to take the Danone-Grameen global partnership between a world's most resourced organisation and a most dedicated grassroots network serving life critical needs - to show youth's worldwide networkers that global social business can economically reform the sustainability of global media -just as Grameen microcredit is to this day benchmark for sustainability of 10 times more economics in the global market of banking

    What urgently needs to happen as we enter 2010s if net generation is to renew wholeplanet sustainability is: enough global brand ceo leaders recognise that global co-brand partnering the world's most sustainable knowledge centre (Yunus Centre in Grameen) is the best ever global media ever offered - one which can turn their global brand's valuation into the sustainability leader of its global market. This will finally put to rest the greatest maths mistake ever made in free marketing's good name - that when brand valuation algorithms came from nowhere in the 1980s because 5 global accountants had a goodwill black hole to fill in their balance sheets and ad agencies were delighted to oblige provide the brand valuation went up the more costly its ad budget! 

    2:16 pm edt 

    Tuesday, June 16, 2009

    ashden awards 09

    Aprovecho Research Center and Shengzhou Stove Manufacturer, USA/China

    Making affordable, efficient stoves for the masses

    The Aprovecho Research Centre in the US and Shenghou Stove Manufacturers in China have pooled their rich experience and skills to produce a cheap, robust and efficient stove for mass production to developing countries. The stoves replace dirty and polluting kerosene and open fires saving up to 50 percent of fuel wood and reducing 70 percent of dangerous emissions. SSM has sold over 60,000 stoves since 2007, producing them at a rate of 12,000 stoves a month and selling them to distributers. The main customer is Envirofit International, which markets stoves in India supported by the Shell Foundation. Other customers are in South Africa, Tanzania, Madagascar, Argentina and Chile.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)
    Award supported by Zennström Philanthropies

    ECAMI, Nicaragua

    New energy leapfrogs the old

    ECAMI’s family-owned business has installed thousands of renewable energy systems in rural communities across Nicaragua since it began in 1982. A company with strong social commitment, it provides PV light and communications for schools; vaccine refrigeration for clinics; pumps to supply village water; entertainment and battery-charging for tourist facilities; and power for mobile phone masts. It also installs micro hydro and solar water heating. Now ECAMI is growing fast, setting up regional branches to meet the growing demand for renewable energy.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)

    GERES, India

    Greenhouses bring better nutrition to the Himalayas

    GERES has worked with local NGO’s in Ladakh to design a robust greenhouse that captures and retains the sun’s heat. It has built 600 greenhouses that enable villagers to grow vegetables throughout the year - even when temperatures drop to -25°C. Greenhouse owners eat eight times more vegetables than before and their incomes have increased by 30 percent. The project is leading to better nutrition and health for over 50,000 people – a quarter of the local population.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)

    International Development Enterprises India

    Pedalling farmers out of poverty

    The ‘Farmer’s Friend’, a simple treadle pump developed by IDEI, is changing the lives of poor farmers in Eastern India. The low-cost device, used for pumping water for irrigation, has trebled farmers’ incomes so they can now save and send their children to school. Three quarters of a million pumps have been sold, with sales boosted by promotion campaigns using Bollywood-style films. IDEI is scaling up production fast aiming to sell up to two million treadle pumps by 2010.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)

    Award for Avoided Deforestation, supported by The Waterloo

    Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda

    Fuel from waste fires up Uganda

    Kampala Jellitone Suppliers is Uganda’s first producer of briquettes made from agricultural waste. Made mainly from dried and compressed sawdust, peanut husks and coffee waste, the fuel replaces wood and charcoal helping protect the rich biodiversity of the area. Schools, hospitals and factories across the country are buying 130 tonnes a month of briquettes, along with efficient stoves for heating and cooking. The business is set to double over the next two years and hoping to expand to other African markets.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)

    Saran Renewable Energy, India

    Saran Renewable Energy, India

    Business finds green solution to black-outs

    Saran Renewable Energy in India has set up a biomass gasifying plant in Bihar to supply energy to local businesses plagued by constant electricity cuts and reliant on noisy, dirty diesel generators. One hundred local farmers now have a secure income supplying the plant with biomass made from a local plant and along with businesses nearby they now have stable, clean power for eight hours a day. The gasifier saves around 100 tonnes of CO2 a year from diesel.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)

    Solar Energy Foundation, Ethiopia

    Solar Energy Foundation, Ethiopia

    Solar scheme sets communities alight

    The Solar Energy Foundation has opened up new horizons for 10,000 villagers in Rema, Ethiopia and nearby. Their homes now have electricity for the first time thanks to 2,000 new solar home systems costing families just 75 pence a month. Young people now have the chance to train as solar technicians in an International Solar School. Graduates of the scheme have opened four Solar Centres in other areas of Ethiopia with a further 8,500 solar home systems due to be installed by the end of the year.

    Case study (pdf file)
    Press release (Word doc)
    12:28 am edt 

    Thursday, June 4, 2009

    Grameen Creative Lab germany
    Vision conference 08 -How can good social projects develop from traditional charity to efficient social businesses? A whole day of the two day Vision Summit was dedicated to this question. The Foundation Entrepreneurship of Günter Faltin, professor at Berlin's Free University, the network around professor Stephan Breidenbach from the project Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance and especially the GENESIS Institute for Social Business and Impact Strategies are currently working on this topic. The GENISIS Institute, main sponsor of the Vision Summit, recently founded by nine entrepreneurs and sponsors, presented the first study worldwide on "Best Social Businesses". The highlights of this study are published in the "Social Business Guide", also released at the conference. Vision 09 next wall to fall
    2:27 am edt 

    Wednesday, June 3, 2009

    various updates

    european creative labs in berlin and Glasgow become the most exciting agents of yunus and bangladeshi methodologies for those who vote for microeconomics as more likely to sustain the world than top-down macroeconomics

    glasgow support of dr yunus gets mentioned 5 times in his speech last friday to british council -in particular glasgow calendonian has started a partnership in nursing colleges with grameen, as well as a glasgow microcredit investing in those poor who have been umemployed for 3 generations- glasgow is set to start a centre for development which becomes an official recorder of every grameen social business cerification worldwide

    in other news : modelled on teach for america/uk - a leadership training program for social buinsess is being assembled by tom rippin
    7:50 pm edt 

    Friday, May 15, 2009

    One way to keep a look out for social business is to watch news from teh 2 greatest investors in social business BRAC & Grameen

    This search item reported by  suggests various green social business:
    Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL), a non-bank financial institution on Bangladesh, is planning to produce solar panels locally in an effort to bring the country's rural areas under power supply network in a faster way.

    The IDCOL CEO said the programme is being implemented through 15 partner organisations (POs) -- Grameen Shakti, BRAC Foundation, Srizony Bangladesh, COAST Trust, TMSS, IDF, CMES, Upokulio Bidyuatayon O Mohila Unnayan Shamity (UBOMUS), Shubashati, BRIDGE, Padakshep Manabik Unnayan Kendra (PMUK), Palli Daridra Bimochan Foundation (PDBF), Hilful Fuzul Samaj Kalyan Sangstha, Mukti Cox's Bazar, and Rural Services Foundation (RSF).

    a related reference

    REIN members

    Any institution is working on renewable energy or interested on renewable energy, can be members of Renewable Energy Information Network (REIN).
    8:50 pm edt 

    Wednesday, May 6, 2009

    open wiser
    I am not sure if this host newtork is up to it but the idea sound one with a future

    Dear Group Administrators,

    We have some exciting news we’d like to share with you:

    Imagine if anyone could access and repurpose the largest directory of environmental and social justice organizations in the world. Recently, members of WiserEarth launched a fundraising campaign to make the rich information on WiserEarth accessible to an even wider audience. Community leaders Leif Utne and Jon Warnow appealed to a broad group of organizations and people to collectively fund the development of WiserEarth’s “API”, which will allow organizations around the world to access and display WiserEarth’s organizations, resources, events, and jobs through their own websites. The “OpenWiser” project hit the ground running, convening an all-star group of organizations and raising over $2,000 in just under a week.

    Yesterday, the organization Civic Actions announced that they will match any donation up to a total of $500 in the next 24 hours towards's goal of raising $10,000 to fund the completion of the Wiser Earth API.  We invite you to join the first fundraising effort led entirely by the WiserEarth community. 

    In their outreach efforts, the organizers invite us to “imagine being able to have the greatest database of social change organizations ever assembled pumping through your group’s site, opening up new opportunities for collaboration. Imagine being able to show your users what organizations and individuals are already active in their area, just waiting to be mobilized.”

    Visit the fundraising campaign page and join the effort to open WiserEarth’s “digital doors”
    The WiserEarth Team
    6:50 am edt 

    mit entrepreneur winners class 08/09

    Approximately 250 people gathered in MIT's Stata Center last night to celebrate the student innovations developed through the 2009 MIT IDEAS Competition.  A pre-awards poster session allowed the 35 student teams to present their projects, which ranged from new cell phone technologies to medical devices to technologies and businesses focused on energy storage.  The awards ceremony was kicked off with an inspiring presentation by keynote speaker Ryan Allis.  Ryan is the Founder and CEO of the e-mail marketing company iContact, author of the best selling book Zero to One Million, sits on the executive board of Nourish International, and is executive director of The Humanity Campaign.  The passion, business success, and social innovation that make up Ryan are similar to the qualities that are found in the MIT IDEAS Competition participants.

    Awards were presented to the 8 teams whose projects were found to be extraordinary by the judges.  Congratulations are in order to ALL the 2009 IDEAS participants for another year of innovation and service!

    Aquaport was awarded the $2,500 IDEAS award sponsored by Carrie Galehouse Frey. The award was presented by Chancellor Phillip Clay.

    Vision Group “Seeing Machine” was awarded the $2,500 IDEAS award sponsored by Aleksander and Anna Anita Leyfell. The award was presented by Professor Thomas Byrne, MD.

    Global Citizen Water Initiative was awarded the $5,000 IDEAS award sponsored by the Baruch family.  The award was presented by Senior Associate Dean Barbara Baker.

    BLISS – Business and Life Skills School was awarded the $5,000 IDEAS award sponsored by The COOP. The award was presented by Allan Powell, COOP General Manager.

    EggTech was awarded a combination $5,000 Yunus Challenge award and Graduate Students Award.  The award was presented by Vice Chancellor and Dean for Graduate Education Steven Lerman.

    Lebone was awarded the $7,500 Yunus Challenge award, which was presented by Laura Sampath, Manager of the MIT International Development Initiative.

    Braille Labeler was awarded the $7,500 IDEAS award sponsored by Aleksander and Anna Anita Leyfell.  The award was presented by Professor Thomas Byrne, MD.

    HeatSource Textiles was awarded $7,500 IDEAS Award sponsored by Lemelson – MIT.  The award was presented by the Director of the Lemelson – MIT Program, Professor Michael Cima.

    The awards given will help the winning teams turn their projects from ideas into reality over the course of the next year.  To learn more about the projects and the awards, visit the IDEAS website at

    Congratulations to all the IDEAS 09 Participants!
    6:16 am edt 

    Wednesday, April 29, 2009

    Turning part of a star's production company into a social buiness and other good news celebrations

    Hugh Jackman reports:
    , I sat down with Muhammad Yunus in Los Angeles. He's now advising us on how a certain portion of our production company can be set up to operate like his bank. He's a bit like the Dalai Lama—he's fighting at the front line of poverty, and you couldn't find a happier guy. But he challenges you: What can you do? Not just send aid, but how can you change people's lives from the inside?

    Well, that one book completely revolutionized my way of thinking and what my company can do

    wanted stars who adopt orphan drugs
    3:06 pm edt 

    Tuesday, April 28, 2009

    Muhammad Yunus is the happiest banker i have ever seen because he knows Grameen only grows when its customers grow. Since 1984 we have recommended recognising this win-win interdependence as a defining diffference between knowledge economies and all lower level ones that humans have been to have been chained to in the past. Even so it astonishes us to look at 2 decades of global banking that has spiralled negative-sums onto its customers by chaining them in debt; and whose nonsensical claims to be competitive are exposed by the fact that not even one big bank in the west recognised the  innovation opportunity of going 10 times lower cost by focusing on the basic services main street needed.
    5:47 pm edt 

    In rich cities, many branded categories have got so crowded with competing offers that the customer is paying more for all the advertising noise than any other component. Grameen-Danone the world's first consumer brand to be launched from a future capitalism social business partnership needs no such spends. Its a one of a kind healthier quality lower cost product than any kid's nutritional offer in Bangaldesh village markets or quite likely anywhere.

    Another case is Grameen Shakti's solar energy. Its CEO Dipal Barua told me the last thing we will ever need is television advertising. This product flies by word of mouth and visibility. As soon as one person has a solar cell proudly on top of their roof, everyone wants one. I have to say that I find solar panels quite a miracle wherever I am but if you have never had any electricity before and your only light is some kerosene fire, the magic of solar is in words of villagers to become a participant in the modern world. And over the typical loan period that Grameen structures the cost of solar becomes less than kerosene as well as healthier for all the family and setting a trend the world will need to fiollow if global drowning is carbon is to be averted. Microenergycredits aims to be the first to link up a quarter of a billion zero carbon households and I doubt if any of them will have bought a product that needed tv advertising.
    4:29 pm edt 

    Monday, April 27, 2009

    Social Business Picks, from Ira Jackson, Claremont (Drucker's Business School)

    Whether it's the Grameen Danone Foods, the Transforms Corp. in North Carolina, Ethos Water founded by Claremont native Peter Thume, New Leaf Paper (whose paper production plants are the only in the world powered by 100percent renewable energy sources and which is starting to transform a gigantic industry that is also one of the most polluting), Rubicon Industries (which employs homeless people and battered women and others with serious disabilities to work in their for-profit bakery, which sells successfully to outfits like Costco and Williams Sonoma), the Rabobank Group in the Netherlands, Upstream 21 in Oregon or Spain's Mondrag n Corporaci n Cooperative, the day of mission-driven companies has arrived, and these new hybrid alternatives to the old for-profits will one day be as pervasive and successful as the traditional types of companies.

    As Drucker well knew, we will all be better off when principle trumps profit. (Curiously, that's exactly what Henry Ford had in mind when he founded Ford Motor Co. It wasn't his desire to get rich; it was his dream of helping to create a middle class in America that powered his vision. When he raised the daily wage of his workers to $5 a day, in fact, he was called a communist by other capitalists. Why did he do it? Because he wanted his workers to be able to afford the cars they produced - and he wanted them to have pride in the product that they created on the assembly line. As Ford said so simply and wisely: "Business must be run for a profit, else it will die. But when anyone tries to run a business solely for profit, then also it will die, for it no longer has a reason for existence.").

    4:35 pm edt 

    A BRAC survey found low levels of understanding about anatomy and reproduction, personal hygiene, fertility and pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among youth age 10-15.

    In response, in 1995 BRAC developed a reproductive health Rural Service Delivery Program (RSDP) with a special focus on poor youth, ages 10-15, 70% of whom are girls. The RSDP establishes informal schools that provide 3 years of primary schooling to adolescents who have never attended school. After graduation, students can join Grade 5 in the formal schooling system. Monthly reproductive health sessions are integrated into the regular school curriculum and include topics such as adolescence, reproduction and menstruation, marriage and pregnancy, STIs, family planning and contraception, smoking and substance abuse, and gender issues.

    The adolescent program builds on BRAC’s social development approach designed to address the needs of poor rural communities. BRAC’s strategy mobilizes communities to support social change by taking the following steps:

    1. Identifying social groups and mapping existing formal structures or networks. In many rural areas, networks include adult males, religious leaders, teachers, and the parents and extended family of children. BRAC also recruits and trains female volunteers who become the nucleus of a social network of women.

    2. Building trust with the community by providing something to meet their perceived needs. In most communities, BRAC starts a credit program that involves the poorest of the poor in economic activities to alleviate poverty.

    3. Developing fora around social networks to engage in dialogue with the community. Key elements of developing effective community fora include 1) identifying appropriate actors; 2) recognizing and responding to communication patterns and behavioral cues that exist in the community; 3) building cultural beliefs about the authority and reliability of the information provided in the forum; and 4) using fora to strengthen existing positive relationships within the family and community.

    4. Within community fora, exposing members to new ideas, involving them in problem solving, and encouraging "risky innovations." As forum members are taken through this process, they become advocates for the program approach by integrating program objectives into their own lives and value systems.

    It was through the process of community mobilization that BRAC was able to establish the RSDP program for adolescents. We engaged communities in an evolutionary process that introduced new ideas, such as schooling for adolescent girls. Through dialogue, community members could then address more sensitive issues such as adolescent reproductive health. As a result, BRAC has established 175 informal schools in 4 districts. Each school provides free schooling for 30 students, at least 70% of whom are girls; the teacher is recruited and trained from the village where the school is established. Major strengths of the RSDP program include:

    • Emphasis on parental and extended family involvement. Through monthly parent meetings, BRAC has fostered parental support for the program, and in some areas spurred the start of informal adult education for adult family members of adolescents.

    • Influencing community norms. BRAC supports norms that encourage girls’ delayed marriage and continued education through community fora and outreach.

    • Communication between boys and girls. Since reproductive health is built into the regular curriculum, the program allows boys and girls to discuss reproductive health together, and builds communication skills for opposite-sex relationships.

    • Continued programming. The school is used for a library for youth who have graduated, providing a space for young people to gather in an environment with supportive resources.

    BRAC program planners have identified several elements as key to the success of the RSDP program; namely, BRAC has:

    • established "exchange relations" with the community so that people recognize the benefits and opportunities for engaging in programs such as the RSDP; staff are then able to add on program innovations incrementally.

    • introduced a feedback loop so that as the program gains experience, it has the capability to use that experience to reflect on what it has learned and implement innovations in the program. Program staff have been involved in data collection, and are encouraged to reflect on evaluation results.

    • worked in the domestic and the public domain simultaneously. For example, while female staff can effectively engage women in dialogue at the household level, involving male community leaders who interact in the public domain has been crucial for program sustainability.

    • developed simple, correct messages on the new ideas BRAC introduces so that communities are able to understand and integrate them into their own lives.

    Finally, program planners have identified the following future needs for the RSDP program:

    1. An assessment of the reproductive health curriculum found that youth thought the curricula should be focused more on reproductive health and sex education than "family life;" that environment and drug abuse issues should be discussed; and that contraceptive methods should be demonstrated. The evaluation also found that peer networks should be strengthened through the program, that teachers need more support to teach the curricula and that youth wanted interactive teaching methods such as role plays and drama.

    2. Understanding and documenting the dynamics of community involvement, and the shifts from community resistance to social action, is needed. Documentation of how BRAC is able to communicate about sensitive issues would allow replication of the program and further diffusion of social action.

    3. BRAC has anecdotal evidence that people exposed to one aspect of the program become agents of change, and involvement or exposure to several interventions may expedite the changing of social norms. Developing indicators to capture this "snowball" effect would help track the program’s evolution as new innovations are added.

    Contact person:

    Dr. Munir Ahmed, Program Coordinator
    Health and Population Division

    3:23 pm edt 

    Saturday, March 7, 2009

    ideas emerging from collaboration cafes on social business
    Collaboration Cafe is a quick meetings tool focused on inviting people to discuss how to solve a specific challenge. CC's have now been hosted hundreds of times in collaboration city networks - in today's yes we can climate cafes are increasingly ending with a 5 minute debrief on ideas about social business - we'll use this space to list some what ifs

    what if cities attended to guides of where interesting community or social business franchises were being tested - attention that is with the same collective/media level of publicity and mapping quality that is given to restaurant or entertainment guides -one place that is pioneering this concept is new york spurred on by some of obama's new citizen service/dialogue tools -if you are interested in this movement or its early stage listing of where to go across NY (examples grameen bank queens, greening the bronx ... ) and see exciting community experiments rsvp 

    Future Capitalism Yearbook - Youth-led Cities (research after year 1); these cities have thriving youth FC experments which we can link you into (if your city isnt on our map yet and you wish to take responsibility for correcting this please RSVP)
    NY, Boston, DC, LA (parts), Paris, Dhaka, Glasgow (FU Berlin)
    cluetrain for solar slum billionnaires clue 1 lets do some global cooling by working out how to use the annotation feature of you tube before top down capitalism knows what happened; clue 2 obama -son of microcredit; 3 know how to free market solar credits

    Dear Alexis

    As worldwide connector of business goodwill, Muhammad Yunus appears most happy going round creating global waves and making sure a local person attended the epicentre and makes sure all those who applauded, next step locally actions -and micro-up linkin together...


    Whence the cheeky next mail to clive priddle is on target for all who communicate ending female poverty as fast as 7 billion can. There will never be a year like this to start bending the curve back from unsustainable globalisation's quarter of a century of low-trust mastering business administration - up with which Scots will not put. So June 23 Yunus dialogue in Dhaka can plant the greatest learning party ever 


    chris macrae

    301 881 1655 ( out of office at boston's ta party 2.0 sunday 8.00pm to tuesday 9.00am)

    Yunus Secretariat 07 Agree Future Capitalism Slogan

    - Impossible becomes possible when right place people action timing 


    James Wilson, Internationalist Scot, died 1860s of what BRAC now cures for 10 cents during his first year in calcutta trying to reform raj economics, had previously thrown out 90% of fellow MPs from vested interest powering over the Houses of Parliament by founding The Economist around this 1843 journalistic brand charter -still economically the safest for all mass media to be designed around
    Prospectus Aug 5th 1843 From The Economist print edition

    Final Clause of Prospectus

    And lastly—if we required higher motives than bare utility, to induce that zeal, labour, and perseverance against all the difficulties which we shall have to encounter in this work—we have them. If we look abroad, we see within the range of our commercial intercourse whole islands and continents, on which the light of civilization has scarce yet dawned; and we seriously believe that FREE TRADE, free intercourse, will do more than any other visible agent to extend civilization and morality throughout the world—yes, to extinguish slavery itself. Then, if we look around us at home, we see ignorance, depravity, immorality, irreligion, abounding to an extent disgraceful to a civilized country; and we feel assured that there is little chance of successfully treating this great national disease while want and pauperism so much abound: we can little hope to improve the mental and moral condition of a people while their physical state is so deplorable:—personal experience (james came from hawick in Scotland where his family of entrepreneurs manufactured top hats) has shown us in the manufacturing districts that the people want no acts of parliament to coerce education or induce moral improvement when they are in physical comfort—and that, when men are depressed with want and hunger, and agonized by the sufferings of helpless and starving children, no acts of parliament are of the slightest avail. We look far beyond the power of acts of parliament, or even of the efforts of the philanthropist or the charitable, however praiseworthy, to effect a cure for this great national leprosy; we look mainly to an improvement in the condition of the people. And we hope to see the day when it will be as difficult to understand how an act of parliament could have been made to restrict the food and employment of the people, as it is now to conceive how the mild, inoffensive spirit of Christianity could ever have been conceived into the plea of persecution and martyrdom, or how poor old wrinkled women, with a little eccentricity, were burned by our forefathers for witchcraft.

    Rest of Prospectus
    And now we beg to submit the following detail of the plans which we have thoroughly organised to carry into effect these objects of our ardent desires, in the following
    of a weekly paper, to be published every Saturday, and to be called
    which will contain—
    First.—ORIGINAL LEADING ARTICLES, in which free-trade principles will be most rigidly applied to all the important questions of the day—political events—and parliamentary discussions; and particularly to all such as relate immediately to revenue, commerce, and agriculture; or otherwise affect the material interests of the country.
    Second.—Articles relating more especially to some practical, commercial, agricultural, or foreign topic of passing interest; of the state of the revenue, foreign treaties, &c.
    Third.—An article on the elementary principles of political economy, applied in a familiar and popular manner to practical experience; especially in relation to the laws of price—wages—rent—exchange—revenue—taxes—and the relation between producers and consumers abroad and at home; proved and illustrated by the experience of this and other countries.

    Fourth.—PARLIAMENTARY REPORTS: Giving at greater length all discussions peculiarly interesting to commerce and agriculture, and especially involving the principles of Free Trade.
    Fifth.—POPULAR MOVEMENTS: A report and account of all popular movements throughout the country in favour of Free Trade.
    Sixth.—GENERAL NEWS: A summary of all the news of the week,—the Court—the Metropolis—the Provinces; Scotland and Ireland.
    Seventh.—COMMERCIAL: Under this head a careful and elaborate account will be given of the trade of the week; with special notices of changes in fiscal regulations; state and prospects of the markets, especially indicating the progress of stocks and consumption; of imports and exports; latest Foreign News, likely to influence future supply; the state of the manufacturing districts; notices of important new mechanical improvements; shipping news; an account of the money market, and of the progress of railways and public companies.
    Eighth.—AGRICULTURAL: Under this head we will give frequent articles on improvements in agriculture; on the application of geology and chemistry; on new and improved implements; and in every way, to the utmost of our power, assist that true and independent spirit which is everywhere rising among the best landlords and farmers, to rely on the only safe support agriculture can have—intelligence, ingenuity, and perseverance, instead of deceptive protection. We will give a general detail of incidents, state of crops, markets, prices, foreign markets and prices converted into English money; and we have made an arrangement to communicate, from time to time, in some detail, the plans pursued in Belgium, Switzerland, and other well-cultivated countries.
    Ninth.—COLONIAL AND FOREIGN: In which we will furnish the earliest information respecting the trade, produce, political and fiscal changes, and other matter interesting; and, particularly, we will endeavour to expose the evils of restriction and protection, and the advantages of free intercourse and trade.
    Tenth.—LAW REPORTS: These we will confine chiefly to such as are particularly important to commerce, manufactures, and agriculture.
    Eleventh.—NOTICE OF BOOKS: Confined chiefly, but not so exclusively, to such as treat of the foregoing subjects; including all treatises on political economy, finance, or taxation.
    Twelfth.—COMMERCIAL GAZETTE: Price currents and statistics of the week.
    Thirteenth.—CORRESPONDENCE, INQUIRIES, &c.: Under this head we especially invite every one to apply for information on all the topics herein enumerated, which we do not furnish, or which is not given in such details as may be required. We have made an arrangement by which inquiries shall be replied to in the next number, if received by Thursday morning, on all subjects enumerated in this prospectus:—POLITICAL ECONOMY AND COMMERCE; FOREIGN COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS; TARIFFS, RATES OF DUTIES, AND PORT REGULATIONS; EXISTING COMMERCIAL TREATIES; POINTS OF COMMERCIAL LAW; GENERAL STATISTICS, connected with our trade for the last twenty years, or earlier, when they exist; AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS AND IMPROVEMENTS; and on other practical and economical subjects required.
    EXTRA MONTHLY STATISTICAL AND PARLIAMENTARY PAPER NUMBER:—In each month we will publish an extra number, devoted exclusively to statistics, and the preservation of the statistical parts of documents laid before parliament; many of which, of great value, never at present reach the public eye, or at least in a very limited way. There can be no question that, whether we speak of the economist, the legislator, the merchant, or the trader, statistics must form the most important ground-work of the whole of his reasonings, opinions, and actions; they are, in short, the fundamental facts on which all his opinions and actions must be based to be true; it is difficult to estimate their importance. At the same time we must remark, that however powerful and useful they may be as an instrument, they cannot be used with safety without considerable knowledge of the peculiar subjects, and without the exercise of great discretion in drawing results. This we will endeavour to aid by explanatory notes and observations in the collection and arrangement. Our plan is,—to divide this monthly number into two parts, one for permanent statistics, in which we will commence and collect together in alphabetical order the statistics of our revenue and trade, including exports and imports, navigation, agriculture, and currency for the last twenty years:—the trade with our colonies, and of our colonies with each other, and with this country:—and various interesting statistical statements which we can get relating to the same subjects in foreign countries: the other part we will apply to the statistics of the day: the comparison of our trade, imports, exports, consumption, stocks, &c., of all the leading articles of commerce, between the current year and the corresponding period of the preceding year: and other matters useful and interesting to the material interests of the country.
    And at the end of each year, we will furnish a title-page and general index to the whole paper, including the statistical numbers, so that the whole may form a useful volume of reference to the economist, the politician, the merchant, and manufacturer, the agriculturalist, and the general reader.
    We have made such arrangements and under such superintendence, as will secure the accomplishment of all that we propose, in a way which we trust will render our objects and exertions useful to the country: we have no party or class interests or motives; we are of no class, or rather of every class: we are of the landowning class: we are of the commercial class interested in our colonies, in our foreign trade, and in our manufactures: but our opinions are that not one part of these can have any lasting and true success that is not associated and co-existing with the prosperity of all.


    Help Yes We Can worlds maintain a league table of 100 Human Interest Stories

    The Stories

    Bangladesh’s First Third of Century of worldwide Gifts –Part 5 Future Capitalism Stories (aka ABC part 3)

    1 Bill Gates doesn’t get FC yet but he will have to when he is serving epicentre of world's richest foundation

    2 FC goes beyond global aid (white man's accidental top-down burden) by empowering instead of powering over

    3 Unlike charitable dollars that get spent up, FC circulates the social business dollar whose investment is endlessly recyclable

    4 FC partnership strategy is about seeing birth of world's most miraculous innovations- when a world's most resourced organizational system partners an organization that's closest to serving life critical needs on terms designed to sustain lives

    5 Anyone can debate FC since its like a game of win-win-win snap : what if that most powerful producer and that most efficient server connected to sustain the greater purpose they could never reach separately

    6 FC is about goodwill media and freer global marketing than using billon dollar ad campaigns the way that global profession wrongly figured when they first invented brand valuation algorithms (1988 The Economist Year of the Brand) and thus spun away from whole truth until even global banking collapsed

    7 FC's greatest practitioners love making global waves so that local people can freely and happily surf the web from the bottom-up 

    8 FC's language restores the original meaning of "entrepeneur" (s)he who transfers assets to make more jobs than s(he) takes. Unlike the French whose FC1.0 used the Bastille, FC2.0 is economics’ most peaceful entrepreneurial revolution

    9 Scots like Adam Smith (who late 1700s coined the term free market) and James Wilson (who 1843 founded The Economist as an ER medium to end corn laws and capitalism's punishment) will be cheering from their graves. They had wanted to end imperialism not to global bank it. Their hi-trust reasoning was rooted in what happened in 1700. Scotland became the first nation in recorded history to be bankrupted by an international banking scam. The consequence was the hostile takeover by England Euphemistically called United Kingdom. London's early global accountants were dispatched to explain why royalty's taxes would value sheep as more profitable quarterly than people.

    10 A consequence of "United" Kingdom was that by 1850 most Scots had emigrated- Scotland thus evolved as one of the first nations whose majority were www entrepreneurs not geographically tied to any one homeland. You will see that Scots have often figured in media (eg invention of the tv) and “free and happy” governance only to find this the greater purpose their lives had intended to invent got viciously reversed wherever the Master of Business Administration ideology took over from Yes You Can Collaboration Entrepreneurship and love of Micro-Up Communally rising gravity.

    Bangladesh Part 4

    Towards 30000 replicable social business models

    Bangladesh Part 3

    Small teams plant/design deep social Actions into broader social networking

    Bangladesh Part 2 – 7 wondrous microsummits of new millennoum – 1 banks 2 health 3 education-that-sustains-jobs 4 energy 5 media 6 professions 7 in search of www government (that simply serves real and virtual boundaries)

    Bangladesh Part 1 – Partnering Norway to finish wishes Gandhi and Nobel started so that  peace and economic systems never devalue either again

    In my father's more direct words attached, this is the system problem of the banking crisis new york's old men have got us into-

    chris macrae yunus 10000 free dvd dialogue with youth

    1:00 am est 

    Wednesday, March 4, 2009

    To University of California, Channel Islands

    Please could you pass this message on to Julia Wilson


    I am very interested in your university's news announced by Julia Wilson (reproduced below). In Dec 07, I started a 1000 bookclub around Dr Yunus book on social business models. To date I have met Dr Yunus briefly on 7 occasions and have been helping him link together youth institutes and those developing SMBA curricula. My professional side involves how to scale up good news global brands and collaboration partnerships at next to zero cost by multiplying goodwill.

    we have made 10000 dvds on social business franchises Grameen leaders are developing for free circulation to students

    dr yunus is hosting a special youth and educators dialogue in dhaka on june 23 where we will bring results of various projects such as

    trying collaboratively to assemble 1000 links to social businesses

    coding frame for 5000 youth ambassadors between bangladesh and anywhere needing sustainability franchises -a project that bangladesh villager Mostofa Zaman was asked to develop by Muhammad Yunus at last year's  microcredit summit in Bali

    news of pitching to publishers need for an annual Future Capitalism Yearbook with primary contributions from 3 editorial sections: the world's 10 deepest epicentres of microcredit; youth's 10 most supporting networks of Bangladeshi's replication models; experts on how to debate turn of decade crisis issues to turn them into Yes We San opportunities

    mapping back how to prepare content to socially network youth social action audiences of the blockbuster yunus movie due in about 15 months and the empowerment album of thegreenchildren pop group due in about 3 months

    My father is a microeconomist who was deputy editor of The Economist over 4 decades. Our 1984 book forecast that if globalisation is to develop sustainably, 30000 micro-up replicable franchises would need to be identified through connecting a reality tv program hosted by a nobel laureate and internet searches; we see the next year of yes we can movements and trying to restore community banking as the most urgent crossroads our generation faces

    Please tell us if our networks may be able to connect/collaborate with yours in any way. I live in Washington DC but quite happy to travel over your way if a visit would be relevant

    chris macrae

    301 881 1655


    California State University, which claims itself to be the largest university system of the world, will establish a Social Business Institute (SBI) in its campus in the United States.

    Modeled on the structure of the Grameen Bank of Nobel laureate Dr Muhammad Yunus, the institute will work for global awareness on sustainable peace, social, cultural and economic cooperation and harmonious relationships.

    The university authorities will undertake a number of initiatives including producing low cost drugs, quality research, cultural exchange, economic cooperation in the USA and other countries, said Julia Wilson, vice president of the university, at a press conference in Dhaka yesterday.

    Wilson is now in Dhaka as the leader a delegation of the university on a mission to gather practical experiences on social business and Grameen Bank activities.

    Like Bangladesh, there are also poor children in the United States who need to be enrolled in schools and SBI will work in this regard, said Wilson.

    The institute will also organise scholarships and exchange programmes for the students of Bangladesh and USA who will gather experience and work on social business in both the countries, the press conference was told.

    The university authorities want to raise the fund from the US corporate houses to run the institute.
    3:49 pm est 

    Wednesday, February 25, 2009

    Mostofa (re planning green revolution networks; future capitalism year book; youth dialogue june 009; and a collaboration of knowledge around return to safe banking)
    Let's meet at top of south kensington tube unless you actually know a cafe in the area - its actually not that far from bangladesh embassy and imperial college but I cant remember specifically where cafes are. I would like your comments on countdown newsletter 17- what other sections does it need to have and can we translate it into the one page document you need
    I also want to check several ideas so they get simpler to interconnect across youth yes we can and micro up cities
    1.0 management missing genre published: do you have any news on whether the publication on innovations in collaboration networks being printed in dhaka will be ready for you to pick up on your spring break trip over to dhaka
    1.1  In view of yunus girls support networks message from davos on the prmary importance of womens health in future capitalism and two thirds of grameen scholarships, we need to prioritise sorting out that aspect of internship that selects those who are coming cos of interest in social business helathcare instead of traditional ; moreover our dc epicenter of youth at GWU a great teaching hospital as well as where obama launched yes we can; and the wife of boston 1000 meetings host Marriah Star being at Harvard medical school; and with womens networks being the specialty of our new york youth's epicenter that Dr Yunus met at the Sheraton towers meeting you kindly arranged for Alexis Rachel and peter
    10000 GOOD NEWS 4-5
    youth entrepreneurs - the secret of grameen inside 
    mother of microcredit since 1974
    1.2 also regarding dr yunus brief on bangla5000. do I need to phone mrs begum to:
    to ask her as head of training and mother of microcredit for help to get access at least to recent interns emails; we could send them a survey type email where we ask them to report on one page on any project etc they are doing that has been influenced by interning and which they would like bundled up into one collection of projects to be given to dr yunus as part of youth dialogue ; if grameen can start this survey we can ask whether brac and asa want to join in same process since I understood dr yunus instruction you at Bali to start registering 5000 bangla youth ambassadors at the level of his national brand strategy collaborating across all collaboration knowledge your wonderful nation has networked in its first third century of leading micro-up and collaboration economics as well as millennium goal practice and celebrations
     2 do you know which Londoners we are meeting in a collaboration cafe/pub after the geo talk on solar energy revlution sponsored by the sainsbury family's (one of the 3 main families with sharehldings in The Economist) ashden network, and where
    3 It is fortunate and tragic ironical that the entrepreneurial network reality of slumdog millionnaire is a mobile grameencredit replication in kenya.  
    4 I also need to update you on an emerging map of what excites sam daley harris most (beyond slumdog millionaire storytelling being viralised) over coming months on his road to microcreditsummit columbia which mercifully completes 14 days before youth's road to dhaka; he mentioned that next years microcreditsummit is in Africa (cool to know ahead of time -desperately need to find a youth group that want to do a quest to jamii bora and ingrid munro 10000 dvd)
    5.1 another concept I want to rehearse with you is publication of an annual yearbook on future capitalism; since we have missed the connectivity of  a newsletter at the top of from the start of the book launch, I think that the combination of what future capitalism innovations dr yunus partners each year and progress towards safe banking and yes can momentum and millennium goals needs annual reporting as well as becoming a casebook for SMBA
    - if we can work out what way of asking dr yunus about this quickly , i think it would be easy to get a publisher if he loves the idea
    6 I need next week to start phoning any education gurus that we feel could help by being at dialogue - I think you have previously voted for lucknow Gandhis and Taddy Blecher -anyone else-  presume I should phone up Glasgow uni; its a pity that we don’t seem to be have given the name of the main Bangladesh guy I met as he was taking dr yunus off to celebrations he had planned on Sunday night when I got the 15 minutes with dr yunus at the hotel du vin; he had told me that he wanted us to stay in touch but that he had cone without his business card (now so important both because of the glasgow grameen replication experiment and the billionnaire scot sir tom hunter being the linking in entrepreneurial revolutionary glad o see adam smith’s map of free markets being applied wholly to end poverty’s most urgent productivities and demasnds
     6.1 in a saner systems world I really wanted to put a lot more of my time back on education revolution for my 12 year old daughter's sake - we are so far off the revolution the internet could have been in schools that it makes me angry- there is to my knowledge exactly one practice group of teachers etc that have spent the last 25 years exploring the netfuture scenario that could have been - they are hidden away in new zealand - I have their books; one of them is probably what jamii bora would write up as part of its own business school curriculum; I am interested that ingrid munro mentioned 3 obscure universities as helping her - i will have to try and see if I can search my notes on that
    7  I get the impression that there wont be a meeting with dr yunus on this visit but perhaps the opportunity to deliver him a letter - is that how you see it
    8 is there anyone at else I should have another go at on friday or what is it you need next so that london become; have you and peter ryan fixed meeting with laura and and her links up to the PM’s social action committee
     9 what else have I forgotten - commuting between 4 collaboration cities makes me more scatty than usual?
    op-ed  -Perhaps your campus newspaper would be interested in this op-ed I just wrote. Would you pitch it to them?  Best, Sam

    Slumdog Entrepreneur

    When my wife and I slipped into our theater seats to watch Slumdog Millionaire, we braced ourselves for a journey into urban slums, a world inhabited by over one billion people globally.  

    But unlike the movie-goers in the theater that night who pinned their hopes for one chai wallah (tea seller) escaping the horrors of the slums of Mumbai, India, on the long-shot odds of his winning the Indian version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, we knew that right now there is a tool that has helped not just one movie character but more than 100 million of the world’s poorest people actually begin to escape the worst devastations of poverty.  That opportunity is not a game show but microcredit—small loans to start or expand businesses like selling tortillas or cell phone time to your neighbors.  And if there was an Oscar for assisting beggars, thieves, and prostitutes to find a dignified route out of the slums, I’d know where to look for the winner.     
    more at

    11:35 am est 

    Monday, February 23, 2009

    mostofa can you help me develop clauses of this over the next few days (some of these clauses we may not use but they help recall the overall compass of what you and I have promised dr yunus over the last 18 months and 10 meetings, or coversely you have bee asked by dr yunus to pilot) clause 1 : through existing forum, microuni clubs, collaboration cafes , and other community rising movements (eg Boston 1000) before june we will pilot at least 10 things that either dr yunus has mentioned that he wants structured into Bangladesh micro youth forums OR which youth who actively network social business entrepreneurship vote for asking dr yunus and other Bangladeshi microcredit leaders to help connect 1.1 some examples of the ten that are already being worked on*Bangla5000 (since Bali microcreditsummit specification by Dr Yunus)*develop a web linking 1000 social businesses (since sheraton towers youth meeting with dr yunus)*outline what youth would like to see as content if a future capitalism and smba annual fieldbook is to be published as a sequel on replicable practices of ending poverty (this builds on publication  of the 5 methods of innovating collaboration that Bangladesh's first third century has open sourced worldwide) 1.2 more specifically on bangla5000 , we will try the brand chartering survey of opinions- who in the world would miss what if some of the following systems did not exist*Bangladesh*Microcredit*Social Business as an organizational governance system*Yunus*Youth networks of Yes We Can*Future Capitalism partnerships between the world's most resourced organizations and the grassroots networks responsible for solutions/service of life critical needs since lamiya's team coordinate communications, it would help if they too filled in this brand identifiers survey- they dont have to do it for each of the above- just those that matter passionately to them (back in jan 2008 I left my 1995 book that created the genre of scaling worldwide brands as learning organisations with unique purposes) This survey is relevant because it tells us what to look for in certifying membership of the Bangal5000 network which will happen by june; it is also a step in understanding how to deal with the number 1 challenge we committed to help dr  yunus team with in first week of 2008 - ie that Bangladesh has some replicable open source franchises that are  vital to collaborate around if end poverty is to be the network generation's mission but currently only about 1% of people who want to end poverty both are aware that Bangladesh is at the epicenter of some of these methods or know how to practice them- as discussed at that time this particular challenge involves as many youth qualifying in big cities with SMBAs as MBAs clause 2 - we will review where the world banking crisis stands, and perception that yes we can  Obama  administration is on course to prevent this from diverting millennium goals- we will ask whether there is a menu of segmented banking concepts drawing on all of Bangladesh’s or the deep 10's segmented microcredit services which the whole dialogue group needs to know the existence of and talk about wherever we go that remains in community banking crisis; we will listen to whether Bernanke has facilitated any new laws to make microcredit simple to start up in USA clause 3 - before leaving Dhaka we will write up a declaration/invitation to youth networks signed by both youth representatives and microcredit leaders - this will be one step towards evolving microyouthsummit - eg it might either declare a youth social networking goal for 2015 or agree how to do an opinion poll of what that could be and which youth networks need surveying; we will ask that Bangladesh’s microcredit leaders form a professorial or other opinion leader panel which commits to help celebrate any youth practices (and action plans) that progress this declaration; this clause can review inspirations listed by dr yunus in chapter 11 of future capitalism boom to ensure we have consistency between youth fashions and those that change how leadership responsibility is valued (in mass media worlds, 90% of all branding fashions ultimately are propagated by youth including what leaders communicate) clause 4 - we will have invited those at the forefront of educational change - eg taddy blecher free university movement, the Gandhi's lucknow school - either to attend the dialogue so we can unite progress towards education designed round microentrepreneurial job creation or to be involved in debriefings from the dialogue clause 5 - we will share a map of what social action alumni networks are scaling up around the world such as the Boston 1000 to 10000 meetings; the green children action celebrations of you can hear me now; Vivian’s target date for releasing the blockbuster movie -can we invite someone close to slumdog millionaire to the dialogue and indeed does part of the audience of this 8-oscar winning movie have a social action subnetwork clause 6 - we will look at whether youth wants to develop stories (and maps of lead social action networks) for some more specific bridging networks such asend poverty and go greenend poverty and child healthcare as a right

    end poverty and internet for poor or mobile leapfrogging such as

    mostofa you also need to reinsert at some of the core text like youth ambassadors cos that was how we found some of the most connected undergraduates - taking that down was a backward step


    download : launch invitation to social business modellers written by Dr Muhammad Yunus, 25 Dec 2007

    download living doc on case of BRAC

     Muhammad Yunus: One thing that is very clear to me- that with the Social Business taking off, the world of free market capitalism will never be the same again, and it then will really be able to put the deathblow on global poverty. I am sure many business wizards and successful business personalities will apply their abilities to the SB challenge of creating a poverty-free world within a short time,

    4:21 am est 

    2011.08.01 | 2010.09.01 | 2010.08.01 | 2009.10.01 | 2009.06.01 | 2009.05.01 | 2009.04.01 | 2009.03.01 | 2009.02.01 | 2009.01.01

    Link to web log's RSS file

    My father Norman Macrae, Order of The Rising Sun ....  would be delighted if you have time to read this invitation
    London & Transatlantic Leaders Quest to Dhaka, June 2009
    This year instead of an RAC Lunch in Saint James, we plan a day trip to Grameen HQ in the Mirpur Slum in Dhaka to dialogue with Dr Yunus. When with Mostofa kindness I first met Dr Yunus in the new year week of 2008, I gave him my father's 1984 book on the future of yes we can learning networks so it is most likely our dialogue will be anchored around what 19-25 year olds can be helped by elders to change exponentially rising.
    Although if you will resource a social business project you will openly publish with those who go to the dialogue and what collaboration approval to take to the next stage, I am sure there's time to review that the more audacious its micro up replication is. As Sir Tom Hunter said in Glasgow last November- the least we can do Dr Yunus after you have come all this way is to plant some interactions that make you happy. You can bank on Glasgow being a capital city that will be joyous to produce just that. (Historians may know that Glasgow has 308 years of practicising anti-empire economics- dad and I always read the late 1700s Scottish literature on free markets and entrpreneurs with that micro lens first, as indeed were all readers of The Economist intended to do by its 1843 Scottish founder).
    The day before yesterday I was at a world bank meeting listening to how Kenya's Jamii Bora was now the most exciting bank to visit and a guy from USAID muttered smething about replication being the number 1 buzzword in transitioning America's economy and leadership. We invite you to join us in publishing a new genre "innovating collaboration"  -the quest for replication beyond excellence.
    For example ending malaria deaths would be cool to design a community replication franchise around- or even just recall how florida once did that. Notably so as its Obama's most specific 2015 pledge to see what networked people can do - and health partnerships are the type that Dr Yunus most knows Bangladesh cannot invent on its own.
    Banking Bangladesh can invent and share www.  Social Buiness and Sustainability investment in communities Bangladesh can invent and share www.  Learning internet  we can Invent. Solar energy we can invent. As you can see at and help distribute through free dvds intended for 10000 youth particularly to Q&A round.
    If you are in UK you are lucky, you can just talk to mostofa and see if you have something relevant to bring to dhaka around June 23. If you are in USA and want to talk, you are unlucky in that I guess I am the one most trying to collate how ideas for action map together. All we are trying to do is help those either with the greatest resources to partner dhaka or the most lifetime exponentials to network YES while sustainability still can be learnt and done. 
    chris macrae  usa 301 881 1655 where young new yorkers and east coast business school students aim to be the first to openly catalogue 1000 sustainable social businesses any bank with a future would be proud to share in so what courses are 3rd graders better at questioning than wall street was at answering during the first 8 years of this most extraordinary century 
    To: "Christopher Macrae" <>
    Date: Thursday, 29 January, 2009, 11:49 AM

    Hi Chris:
    Regarding Muhammad Yunus Yes We Can :  may be able to take a day of the last week of June for the dialogue. I will keep in touch with lamiya to fix up the date. Which day of the last week do you prefer? 

    Best Regards,
    Mostofa Zaman can put you in touch with Mostofa for detailed queries on structure of Grameen Social Businessdes beyond those general listings such as p78,79 of Dr Yunus First edition of Creating a World Without Poverty- social business, future of capitalism -and such exemplary links as 1  

    please help us edit this list of dev-eco blogs - its origins in student academia are here

    ACDC – Annual Conference on Development and Change

    APORDE – African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics

    CSID at Wits University, South Africa

    Development Studies Committee, University of Cambridge

    Ending World Poverty

    Fairer Globalisation

    From Poverty to Power

    G24 - Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development

    GEM - IWG - The International Working Group on Gender, Macroeconomics and International Economics

    ILO Policy Coherence Group

    Institute of Social Studies, The Hague

    IIPPE - International Initiative for Promoting Political Economy

    Nimrod Zalk's blog

    The Other Canon

    PERI - Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts Amherst

    Post-Autistic Economics Network

    School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

    School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal

    UN DESA Working Paper series

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